Article

Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A

, Volume 38, Issue 3, pp 450-463

First online:

The Effect of Multiple Deformations on the Formation of Ultrafine Grained Steels

  • Hossein BeladiAffiliated withCentre for Material and Fibre Innovation, Deakin University Email author 
  • , Georgina L. KellyAffiliated withCentre for Material and Fibre Innovation, Deakin University
  • , Peter D. HodgsonAffiliated withCentre for Material and Fibre Innovation, Deakin University

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A C-Mn-Nb-Ti steel was deformed by hot torsion to study ultrafine ferrite formation through dynamic strain-induced transformation (DSIT) in conjunction with air cooling. A systematic study was carried out first to evaluate the effect of deformation temperature and prior austenite grain size on the critical strain for ultrafine ferrite formation (ε C,UFF) through single-pass deformation. Then, multiple deformations in the nonrecrystallization region were used to study the effect of thermomechanical parameters (i.e., strain, deformation temperature, etc.) on ε C,UFF. The multiple deformations in the nonrecrystallization region significantly reduced ε C,UFF, although the total equivalent strain for a given thermomechanical condition was higher than that required in single-pass deformation. The current study on a Ni-30Fe austenitic model alloy revealed that laminar microband structures were the key intragranular defects in the austenite for nucleation of ferrite during the hot torsion test. The microbands were refined and overall misorientation angle distribution increased with a decrease in the deformation temperature for a given thermomechanical processing condition. For nonisothermal multipass deformation, there was some contribution to the formation of high-angle microband boundaries from strains at higher temperature, although the strains were not completely additive.