Influence of grain size variability on the strain rate dependence of the stress exponent in mixed-mode power law and diffusional creep
- Cite this article as:
- Bai, J. & Raj, R. Metall and Mat Trans A (2005) 36: 2913. doi:10.1007/s11661-005-0064-9
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The relationship between the strain rate and the stress in power law and diffusional creep has usually been derived with the assumption that all the grains have the same size, which predicts a sharp transition from power law creep, with a stress exponent of about four to five, to diffusional creep, where the stress exponent is equal to one. We show that the use of distributed grain size can lead to a transition from power law to diffusional creep that is spread over several orders of magnitude in strain rate. The breadth of this transition depends on the standard deviation of the grain size probability density function. The experimental values for the stress exponent that are apparently greater than one, when measured over two or three orders of magnitude in strain rate, can result from a very gradual change in the stress exponent with the strain rate for a distributed grain size. Data sets from copper are compared to the model.