Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A

, Volume 32, Issue 12, pp 3117-3124

First online:

Particle rearrangement during powder compaction

  • Jianxin LiuAffiliated withthe Prometal Division, Extrude Home Corporation
  • , David P. De LoAffiliated withthe Prometal Division, Extrude Home Corporation

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Densification in powder compaction occurs due to the motion of particle centers toward each other, including particle rearrangement and particle deformation. The process of particle sliding and rearrangement has a critical influence on densification in practice, especially during the first stage of compaction. Analytic models and experimental measurements show that the movements of individual particles within a powder compact cause continuous tightening of the bulk packing state up to a fractional compact density of 0.92. For a mass of powder with an initial packing density of 0.64, up to a 40 pct green density increase during the first stage of densification occurs by particle rearrangement. The present study proposes a parameter, termed the particle-packing factor, that describes the packing state due to both deformation and rearrangement.