Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine

, Volume 17, Issue 6, pp 430–435

Effect of early intervention with extract of Huannao Yicong Decoction (还脑益聪方) on the pathologic picture of hippocampus and neurocyte apoptosis in APP transgenic mice model of dementia

  • Hao Li李 浩
  • Lin-lin Cai蔡琳琳
  • Jian-gang Liu刘剑刚
  • Long-tao Liu刘龙涛
  • Jie Guan官 杰
  • Ming-fang Liu刘明芳
  • Jia Hu胡 佳
  • Yun Wei魏 芸
Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s11655-011-0752-9

Cite this article as:
Li, H., Cai, L., Liu, J. et al. Chin. J. Integr. Med. (2011) 17: 430. doi:10.1007/s11655-011-0752-9

Abstract

Objective

To observe the effect of early intervention using extract of Huannao Yicong Decoction (还脑益聪方, HYD) on the pathological picture of hippocampus, neurocyte apoptosis, and associated regulatory genes in β-amyloid precursor protein (APP) transgenic mice model of dementia.

Methods

Sixty APP695V7171 transgenic mice were randomly divided into four groups of 15. The model group was treated with distilled water, the positive control group was treated with donepezil (0.65 mg/kg), and the two HYD groups were treated with high dose (2.8 g/kg) and low dose (1.4 g/kg) HYD, respectively. All testing drugs were administered through gastrogavage by dissolving in equal volume of distilled water, once a day for six successive months. In addition, a normal control group with 15 healthy C57BL/6J mice of the same age and genetic background was set up with distilled water treatment. The pathologic picture of brain tissue was observed by microscopy with HE stain; the amount of apoptosis cells in the hippocampal CA1 area was detected by TUNEL; and expressions of associated genes, Bcl-2, and Bax were determined by immunohistochemical method.

Results

Pathologic pictures of hippocampus showed that in the model group, cells messily arranged, neurons markedly decreased, and the surrounding tissue of some cells was loosened with edema, necrosis, and widened gap with glia cells proliferation. Compared with those in the normal group, the amount of apoptosis cells in the CA1 area was increased, Bcl-2 expression decreased, and Bax expression increased significantly, with markedly reduced Bcl-2/Bax ratio in the model group. Compared to the model group, the pathological changes were significantly milder in the HYD-treated groups, showing rather regularly arranged cells, significantly increased neurons, only few denatured necrotic cells with milder edema, less proliferation of glia cells, and obviously reduced cell apoptosis in CA1 area (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Besides, Bcl-2 expression was up-regulated and Bax expression down-regulated, and Bcl-2/Bax ratio significantly increased in the two HYD groups (P<0.05 or P<0.01).

Conclusion

Early intervention with HYD could improve the abnormal pathologic picture of hippocampus and regulate the expressions of associated genes to suppress cell apoptosis, which might be its mechanism of action in alleviating cognitive functional disorder.

Keywords

β-amyloid precursor protein transgenic miceextract of Huannao Yicong Decoctioncell apoptosis

Copyright information

© Chinese Association of the Integration of Traditional and Western Medicine and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hao Li李 浩
    • 1
  • Lin-lin Cai蔡琳琳
    • 1
  • Jian-gang Liu刘剑刚
    • 1
  • Long-tao Liu刘龙涛
    • 1
  • Jie Guan官 杰
    • 2
  • Ming-fang Liu刘明芳
    • 1
  • Jia Hu胡 佳
    • 3
  • Yun Wei魏 芸
    • 3
  1. 1.Xiyuan HospitalChina Academy of Chinese Medical SciencesBeijingChina
  2. 2.Endocrinal Department of Haici Medical GroupQingdao, Shandong ProvinceChina
  3. 3.National Key Laboratory for Available Utilization of Chemical Engineering ResourceBeijing Chemical Engineering UniversityBeijingChina