Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine

, Volume 17, Issue 4, pp 257–260

Acupuncture for treating attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: A systematic review and meta-analysis

  • Myeong Soo Lee
  • Tae-Young Choi
  • Jong-In Kim
  • Lakhyung Kim
  • Edzard Ernst
Evidence-Based Integrative Medicine

DOI: 10.1007/s11655-011-0701-7

Cite this article as:
Lee, M.S., Choi, TY., Kim, JI. et al. Chin. J. Integr. Med. (2011) 17: 257. doi:10.1007/s11655-011-0701-7

Abstract

Objective

To assess the effectiveness of acupuncture as a treatment option for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

Methods

The literatures were searched using 15 databases, including MEDLINE, AMED, CINAHL, EMBASE, PsycInfo, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, six Korean medical databases and two Chinese databases without language restritions. Prospective controlled clinical studies of any type of acupuncture therapy for ADHD autistic patients were included. Trials in which acupuncture was part of a complex intervention were also included. All articles were read by two independent reviewers, who extracted data from the articles according to predefined criteria. Risk of bias was assessed using the Cochrane risk of bias tool.

Results

Of 114 articles, only three randomized clinical trials (RCTs) met our inclusion criteria. One RCT found that electroacupuncture (EA) plus behavioural treatment was superior to sham EA plus behavioural treatment. Two RCTs reported a significant benefit of acupuncture or auricular acupuncture over conventional drug therapies.

Conclusions

Limited evidence exists for the effectiveness of acupuncture as a symptomatic treatment of ADHD. Given that the risk of bias of the included studies was high, firm conclusions cannot be drawn.

Keywords

acupuncture attention deficit hyperactivity disorder systematic review 

Copyright information

© Chinese Association of the Integration of Traditional and Western Medicine and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Myeong Soo Lee
    • 1
    • 4
  • Tae-Young Choi
    • 1
  • Jong-In Kim
    • 2
  • Lakhyung Kim
    • 3
  • Edzard Ernst
    • 4
  1. 1.Brain Disease Research CentreKorea Institute of Oriental MedicineDaejeonSouth Korea
  2. 2.College of Oriental MedicineKyung Hee University Medical CenterSeoulSouth Korea
  3. 3.College of Oriental MedicineWoosuk UniversityWanjuSouth Korea
  4. 4.Complementary Medicine, Peninsula College of Medicine and DentistryUniversity of ExeterExeterUK

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