Traditional ecological knowledge and community-based natural resource management in northeast India
- S. C. Rai
- … show all 1 hide
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
Community-based natural resource management in northeast India has a long history. Indigenous knowledge and adaptation are the collective information, with improvement from generation to generation. The expectation is that under community control, local expertise on biodiversity will play a significant role in natural resource management through traditional practices. This paper discusses the characteristics and application of the traditional ecological knowledge of aboriginal peoples in northeast India and its role in natural resource management. Examples are provided in two different eco-cultural landscapes, i.e., Demazong (the Buddhist eco-cultural landscape in Sikkim Himalaya) and the Apatani eco-cultural landscape in Arunachal Pradesh, which illustrate the utility value of traditional ecological knowledge in sustainable natural resource management. Both eco-cultural landscapes are indeed very complex and highly evolved systems with high levels of economic and ecological efficiencies. The paper concludes that traditional ecological knowledge systems and institutions could serve as entry points into the sustainable utilization and management of natural resources. This could be achieved through the exploration of the cultural practices of the local people and integrating useful aspects into the modern natural resource management expertise. With rapidly depleting biodiversity in the developing tropic regions, there is a greater utilization today than ever before of the value of respecting the “Sacred” as a tool towards better conservation of natural resources.
- Baker, R. (1993) Environmental Management in the Tropics: An Historical Perspective. Boca Raton: CRC Press.
- Bower, U.G. (1953) The Hiden Land. London, U.K.
- Chanbers, R. (1983) Rural Development: Putting the Last First. Longman, London.
- Dokhampa Rigzin Ngodum (1992) Origin of Bumchu of Dakkar Tashiding. Bulletin of Tibetology, New series No. 3 SRIT, Gangtok
- Gangwar, A.K. and Ramakrishnan, P.S. (1989) Cultivation and use of lesser known plants of food value by tribals of north-east India. Agriculture, Ecosystem and Environment, 25: 253–267. CrossRef
- Jain, A., Singh, Bir Kumar, Rai, S.C. and Sharma, E. (2004) Folklores of sacred Khecheopalri lake in the Sikkim Himalaya of India. Asian Folklore Studies, 63: 289–300.
- Khoshoo, T.N. (1992) Plant Diversity in the Himalaya: Conservation and Utilization. IInd Pandit Gobind Ballabh Pant Memorial Lecture, Gangtok.
- Klee, G.A. (1980) Traditional wisdom and the modern resource manager, pp. 283–285. In: World Systems of Traditional resource Management (ed. Klee, G.A.). Edward Arnold, London.
- Kothyari, B.P., Rao, K.S., Saxena, K.G., Kumar, T. and Ramakrishan, P.S. (1991) Institutional approaches in development and transfer of water harvesting technology in the Himalaya. In: G. Tsakiris (ed.) Advances in Water Resource Technology, pp. 673–678. A. Balkerma, Rotterdam, Holland.
- Kumar, A. and Ramakrishnan, P.S. (1990) Energy flow through an Apatani village ecosystem of Arunachal Pradesh in North-East India. Human Ecology, 18: 315–336. CrossRef
- Maharana, I. (2000) Economic Benefits and Conservation Linkages from Tourism Development in the Sikkim Himalaya. Ph.D. Thesis, North Bengal University, West Bengal.
- Maharana, I., Rai, S.C., Chettri, N. and Sharma, E. (2000) Fuelwood pressure on the natural forest of Khangchendzonga National Park of the Sikkim Himalaya, pp 279–295. In: Sustainable Management of Forests-India, (eds. Arunachalam, A. and Khan, M.L.). International Book Distributor, Dehradun.
- Poffenberger, M. (editor) (2005) Community Forestry in North-East India. Community Forestry International, Inc., South Lake Tahoe, USA.
- Naithani, H.B. and Bahadur, K.N. (1983) Observations on extended distribution of new and rare taxa of North-Eastern India with special reference to Arunachal Pradesh, pp. 116–126. In: An Assessment of Threatened Plants of India, (eds. Jain, S.K. and Rao, R.R.). Botanical survey of India, Howrah.
- Pant, R. (1997) Role of traditional institutions in forest management: a case study from Arunachal Pradesh in North-East India. Arunachal Forest News, 15: 31–36.
- Rai, S.C. (2005) Apatani paddy-cum-fish cultivation: an indigenous hill farming system of North-East India. Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge, 4(1): 65–71.
- Rai, S.C. (2002) Adventure travel and Sustainable tourism management in the Sikkim Himalaya, pp.371–384. In: Recent Advances in Geomorphology, Quaternary Geology and Environmental Geosciences: Indian Case Studies (eds. Tandon, S.K. and Thakur, B.). Manisha Publications, New Delhi.
- Ramakrishnan, P.S. (1996) Conserving the sacred: from species to landscapes. Nature and Resources, UNESCO, 32: 11–19.
- Ramakrishnan, P.S., Saxena, K.G. and Chandraekhara, U. (Eds.) (1998) Conserving the Sacred: For Biodiversity Management. Oxford & IBH Publications, New Delhi.
- Ramakrishnan, P.S., Rai, R.K., Katwal, R.P.S. and Mehndiratta, S. (2002) Traditional Ecological Knowledge for Managing Biosphere Reserves in South and Central Asia. UNESCO and Oxford&IBH, New Delhi.
- Rao, K.S. and Ramakrishnan, P.S. (1987) Socio-economic analysis of bamboo resources in east Khasi hill district of Meghalaya. Man in India, 67: 221–231.
- Tingsabadh, C. (1995) Case Studies: Thailand. In: People’s Participation for Sustainable Development: Lessons of Experience, (eds. Samad, S.A., Watanabe, T. and Kim, S.J.), pp 215–247. Asia and Pacific Development Centre, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
- World Conservation Union and United Nations Environmental Programme (1986) Review of the Protected Areas System in the Indo-Malayan Realm. Gland, Switzerland.
- Traditional ecological knowledge and community-based natural resource management in northeast India
Journal of Mountain Science
Volume 4, Issue 3 , pp 248-258
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Science Press
- Additional Links
- Traditional ecological knowledge
- resource management
- cultural landscape
- sustainable development
- northeast India
- S. C. Rai (1)
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Department of Geography, Delhi School of Economic, University of Delhi, Delhi, 110007, India