In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology - Plant

, Volume 35, Issue 3, pp 189–199

Review the formation of adventitious roots: New concepts, new possibilities


  • Geert-Jan de Klerk
    • Centre for Plant Tissue Culture Research
  • Wim van der Krieken
    • Research Institute for Agrobiology and Soil Fertility (AB-DLO)
  • Joke C. de Jong
    • Research Institute for Agrobiology and Soil Fertility (AB-DLO)
Developmental Biology/Morphogenesis

DOI: 10.1007/s11627-999-0076-z

Cite this article as:
de Klerk, G., van der Krieken, W. & de Jong, J.C. In Vitro Cell.Dev.Biol.-Plant (1999) 35: 189. doi:10.1007/s11627-999-0076-z


Considerable progress has recently been made in understanding adventitious root formation using physiological studies. It is recognized that rooting is a process consisting of distinct phases, each with its own requirements. In this review, the successive phases in the rooting process are described and the possible roles of wounding-related compounds, auxin, ethylene and phenolic compounds during these specific phases are discussed. Recent results are assisting the development of advanced rooting treatments. Molecular studies on rooting are underway and will be essential in revealing the mechanisms underlying adventitious root formation.

Key words

adventitious rooting auxin cell cycle activation ethylene non-auxin factors phenolics rooting phases wounding-related compounds

Copyright information

© Society for In Vitro Biology 1999