, Volume 48, Issue 4, pp 197-202
Date: 13 Apr 2012

Inhibitory effects of Carpinus tschonoskii leaves extract on CpG-stimulated pro-inflammatory cytokine production in murine bone marrow-derived macrophages and dendritic cells

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This report describes the anti-inflammatory effects of MeOH extract from leaves of Carpinus tschonoskii (CE) on primary bone marrow-derived macrophage (BMDMs) and dendritic cells (BMDCs). Primary BMDMs and BMDCs were used for pro-inflammatory cytokine production and Western blot analysis. Human embryonic kidney cell line 293 T (HEK293 T) was used to access NF-κB activity. In all cases, CpG DNA was used to stimulate the cells. The CE (0–150 μg/ml) was treated to BMDMs, BMDCs, and HEK293T cells. CE pre-treatment in CpG-stimulated BMDMs and BMDCs showed a dose-dependent inhibitory effect on pro-inflammatory cytokine (e.g., IL-12 p40, IL-6, and TNF-α) production as compared to non-treated controls. The CE pre-treatment had no significant inhibition on mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) phosphorylation but strongly inhibited IκBα degradation. In NF-κB reporter gene assay, the CE pre-treatment inhibited NF-κB-dependent luciferase activity in a dose-dependent manner. Taken together, these data suggest that CE has significant inhibitory effect on pro-inflammatory cytokine production and warrant further studies concerning potentials of CE for medicinal uses.