Journal of General Internal Medicine

, Volume 28, Issue 8, pp 1008–1013

Using Peers to Assess Handoffs: A Pilot Study

  • C. Jessica Dine
  • Nicholas Wingate
  • Ilene M. Rosen
  • Jennifer S. Myers
  • Jennifer Lapin
  • Jennifer R. Kogan
  • Judy A. Shea
Original Research

DOI: 10.1007/s11606-013-2355-y

Cite this article as:
Dine, C.J., Wingate, N., Rosen, I.M. et al. J GEN INTERN MED (2013) 28: 1008. doi:10.1007/s11606-013-2355-y

ABSTRACT

Background

Handoffs among post-graduate year 1 (PGY1) trainees occur with high frequency. Peer assessment of handoff competence would add a new perspective on how well the handoff information helped them to provide optimal patient care.

Objective

The goals of this study were to test the feasibility of the approach of an instrument for peer assessment of handoffs by meeting criteria of being able to use technology to capture evaluations in real time, exhibiting strong psychometric properties, and having high PGY1 satisfaction scores.

Design

An iPad® application was built for a seven-item handoff instrument. Over a two-month period, post-call PGY1s completed assessments of three co-PGY1s from whom they received handoffs the prior evening.

Participants

Internal Medicine PGY1s at the University of Pennsylvania.

Main Measures

ANOVA was used to explore interperson score differences (validity). Generalizability analyses provided estimates of score precision (reproducibility). PGY1s completed satisfaction surveys about the process.

Key Results

Sixty-two PGY1s (100 %) participated in the study. 59 % of the targeted evaluations were completed. The major limitations were network connectivity and inability to find the post-call trainee. PGY1 scores on the single item of “overall competency” ranged from 4 to 9 with a mean of 7.31 (SD 1.09). Generalizability coefficients approached 0.60 for 10 evaluations per PGY1 for a single rotation and 12 evaluations per PGY1 across multiple rotations. The majority of PGY1s believed that they could adequately assess handoff competence and that the peer assessment process was valuable (70 and 77 %, respectively).

Conclusion

Psychometric properties of an instrument for peer assessment of handoffs are encouraging. Obtaining 10 or 12 evaluations per PGY1 allowed for reliable assessment of handoff skills. Peer evaluations of handoffs using mobile technology were feasible, and were well received by PGY1s.

KEY WORDS

peer evaluationsassessmentshandoffs

Copyright information

© Society of General Internal Medicine 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Jessica Dine
    • 1
  • Nicholas Wingate
    • 2
  • Ilene M. Rosen
    • 1
  • Jennifer S. Myers
    • 1
  • Jennifer Lapin
    • 1
  • Jennifer R. Kogan
    • 1
  • Judy A. Shea
    • 1
  1. 1.Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Pulmonary Penn Lung Cancer, PCAMPhiladelphiaUSA
  2. 2.Thomas Jefferson School of MedicinePhiladelphiaUSA