Primary Care Management of Chronic Kidney Disease
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Chronic kidney disease (CKD) causes substantial morbidity and mortality; however, there are limited data to comprehensively assess quality of care in this area.
To assess quality of care for CKD according to patient risk and identify correlates of improved care delivery.
Fifteen health centers within a multi-site group practice in eastern Massachusetts.
166 primary care physicians caring for 11,774 patients with stages 3 or 4 CKD defined as two estimated glomerular filtration rates (eGFR) between 15 and 60.
Two measures of kidney disease monitoring, five measures of cardiovascular disease management, four measures of metabolic bone disease and anemia management, and one measure of drug safety were extracted from the electronic health record. Primary care recognition of CKD was assessed as a problem list diagnosis, and nephrology co-management was assessed as at least one visit with a nephrologist in the prior 12 months.
Overall, 46% of patients were high risk for death based on the presence of diabetes, proteinuria, or an eGFR <45. Seventy percent of patients lacked annual urine protein testing, 46% had a blood pressure ≥130/80 mmHg and 25% were not receiving appropriate angiotensin blockade. Appropriate screening for anemia was common (76%), while screening rates for metabolic bone disease were low. Use of potentially harmful drugs was common (26%). Primary care physician recognition and nephrology co-management were both associated with improved quality of care, though rates of both were low (24% and 10%, respectively).
Significant deficiencies in the quality of CKD care exist. Opportunities for improvement include increasing physician recognition of CKD and improving collaborative care with nephrology.
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- Primary Care Management of Chronic Kidney Disease
Journal of General Internal Medicine
Volume 26, Issue 4 , pp 386-392
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Additional Links
- chronic kidney disease
- primary care
- quality of care
- performance measurement
- Industry Sectors
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Division of General Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA, USA
- 3. Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA
- 5. Harvard Vanguard Medical Associates, Boston, MA, USA
- 2. Renal Division, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA, USA
- 4. Department of Health Policy and Management, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA