Journal of General Internal Medicine

, Volume 24, Issue 2, pp 270–275

Prevalence and Trends of Receipt of Cancer Screenings Among US Women with Diagnosed Diabetes

  • Guixiang Zhao
  • Earl S. Ford
  • Indu B. Ahluwalia
  • Chaoyang Li
  • Ali H. Mokdad
Populations at Risk

DOI: 10.1007/s11606-008-0858-8

Cite this article as:
Zhao, G., Ford, E.S., Ahluwalia, I.B. et al. J GEN INTERN MED (2009) 24: 270. doi:10.1007/s11606-008-0858-8

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND

Diabetes increases the risk of breast and colorectal cancers and has an undetermined relationship to cervical cancer. Improved screenings for these cancers are effective in reducing cancer mortality.

OBJECTIVES

To examine the prevalence of receiving recommended screenings for these cancers and to assess the trends in the screening rates over time among US women with diagnosed diabetes in comparison with women without diabetes.

DESIGN

Cross-sectional.

PARTICIPANTS

A total of 63,650 to 182,168 adult women participated in the 1996−2006 (biennially) Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System.

METHODS

The prevalence of receiving cancer screenings was age-standardized to the 2000 US population. The adjusted prevalence and adjusted odds ratios (AORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated using logistic regression analyses. The linear trends in the screening rates were tested using orthogonal polynomial contrasts.

RESULTS

In 2006, women with diabetes had a lower adjusted prevalence (74% versus 79%, P < 0.05) and the AOR (0.73, 95% CI: 0.66−0.81) for receiving cervical cancer screenings, but had a higher adjusted prevalence (63% versus 60%, P < 0.05) and the AOR (1.14, 95% CI: 1.04−1.24) for receiving colorectal cancer screenings compared to those without. In both women with diabetes and those without, the screening rate for colorectal cancer increased linearly during 2002−2006, whereas the screening rates for breast and cervical cancers changed little during 1996−2006.

CONCLUSION

Women with diabetes were equally likely to be screened for breast cancer, less likely to be screened for cervical cancer, but more likely to be screened for colorectal cancer compared to those without. Overall, the screening rates in both groups remain below the recommended levels.

KEY WORDS

diabetes mellitus mammogram Papanicolaou test fecal occult blood test sigmoidoscopy/colonoscopy 

Copyright information

© Society of General Internal Medicine 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Guixiang Zhao
    • 1
  • Earl S. Ford
    • 1
  • Indu B. Ahluwalia
    • 1
  • Chaoyang Li
    • 1
  • Ali H. Mokdad
    • 2
  1. 1.Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health PromotionCenters for Disease Control and PreventionAtlantaUSA
  2. 2.Institute for Health Metrics and EvaluationUniversity of WashingtonSeattleUSA
  3. 3.Centers for Disease Control and PreventionAtlantaUSA

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