Publication Guidelines for Quality Improvement Studies in Health Care: Evolution of the SQUIRE Project
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In 2005 we published draft guidelines for reporting studies of quality improvement interventions as the initial step in a consensus process for development of a more definitive version. The current article contains the revised version, which we refer to as SQUIRE (Standards for QUality Improvement Reporting Excellence). We describe the consensus process, which included informal feedback, formal written commentaries, input from publication guideline developers, review of the literature on the epistemology of improvement and on methods for evaluating complex social programs, and a meeting of stakeholders for critical review of the guidelines’ content and wording, followed by commentary on sequential versions from an expert consultant group. Finally, we examine major differences between SQUIRE and the initial draft, and consider limitations of and unresolved questions about SQUIRE; we also describe ancillary supporting documents and alternative versions under development, and plans for dissemination, testing, and further development of SQUIRE.
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About this Article
- Publication Guidelines for Quality Improvement Studies in Health Care: Evolution of the SQUIRE Project
Journal of General Internal Medicine
Volume 23, Issue 12 , pp 2125-2130
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- quality improvement
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- Author Affiliations
- 1. Institute for Healthcare Improvement, Wethersfield, CT, USA
- 2. The Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy and Clinical Practice, Center for Leadership and Improvement, Lebanon, NH, USA
- 3. White River Junction VA, White River Junction, VT, USA
- 4. Alice Peck Day Memorial Hospital, Lebanon, NH, USA