Journal of General Internal Medicine

, Volume 23, Issue 7, pp 1043–1047

Impact of Participation in a Community-Based Intimate Partner Violence Prevention Program on Medical Students: A Multi-Center Study

  • Cindy S. Moskovic
  • Gretchen Guiton
  • Annapoorna Chirra
  • Ana E. Núñez
  • JudyAnn Bigby
  • Christiane Stahl
  • Candace Robertson
  • Elizabeth C. Thul
  • Elizabeth Miller
  • Abigail Sims
  • Carolyn J. Sachs
  • Janet P. Pregler
Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s11606-008-0624-y

Cite this article as:
Moskovic, C.S., Guiton, G., Chirra, A. et al. J GEN INTERN MED (2008) 23: 1043. doi:10.1007/s11606-008-0624-y

Abstract

Background

Physicians are generally poorly trained to recognize, treat or refer adolescents at risk for intimate partner violence (IPV). Participation in community programs may improve medical students’ knowledge, skills, and attitudes about IPV prevention.

Objective

To determine whether the experience of serving as educators in a community-based adolescent IPV prevention program improves medical students’ knowledge, skills, and attitudes toward victims of IPV, beyond that of didactic training.

Participants

One hundred and seventeen students attending 4 medical schools.

Design

Students were randomly assigned to didactic training in adolescent IPV prevention with or without participation as educators in a community-based adolescent IPV prevention program. Students assigned to didactic training alone served as community educators after the study was completed.

Measurement

Knowledge, self-assessment of skills and attitudes about intimate partner violence and future plans to pursue outreach work.

Results

The baseline mean knowledge score of 10.25 improved to 21.64 after didactic training (p ≤ .001). Medical students in the “didactic plus outreach” group demonstrated higher levels of confidence in their ability to address issues of intimate partner violence, (mean = 41.91) than did students in the “didactic only” group (mean = 38.94) after controlling for initial levels of confidence (p ≤ .002).

Conclusions

Experience as educators in a community-based program to prevent adolescent IPV improved medical students’ confidence and attitudes in recognizing and taking action in situations of adolescent IPV, whereas participation in didactic training alone significantly improved students’ knowledge.

KEY WORDS

adolescent community-based intervention intimate partner violence medical students 

Supplementary material

Copyright information

© Society of General Internal Medicine 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cindy S. Moskovic
    • 1
  • Gretchen Guiton
    • 2
  • Annapoorna Chirra
    • 1
  • Ana E. Núñez
    • 3
  • JudyAnn Bigby
    • 4
  • Christiane Stahl
    • 5
  • Candace Robertson
    • 3
  • Elizabeth C. Thul
    • 3
  • Elizabeth Miller
    • 6
  • Abigail Sims
    • 7
  • Carolyn J. Sachs
    • 8
  • Janet P. Pregler
    • 1
  1. 1.Iris Cantor-UCLA Women’s Health Center and the Division of General Internal Medicine and Health Services ResearchDavid Geffen School of Medicine at the University of California, Los AngelesLos AngelesUSA
  2. 2.Educational Development and Research OfficeUniversity of Colorado School of MedicineDenverUSA
  3. 3.Drexel University College of MedicinePhiladelphiaUSA
  4. 4.Executive Office of Health and Human ServicesCommonwealth of MassachusettsBostonUSA
  5. 5.Section of Adolescent Medicine of the Department of PediatricsUniversity of Illinois at ChicagoChicagoUSA
  6. 6.Center for Reducing Health Disparities CTSC at the University of CaliforniaDavis School of MedicineSacramentoUSA
  7. 7.Peace Over Violence (LACAAW)Los AngelesUSA
  8. 8.UCLA Emergency Medicine CenterDavid Geffen School of Medicine at the University of California, Los AngelesLos AngelesUSA

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