Impact of Participation in a Community-Based Intimate Partner Violence Prevention Program on Medical Students: A Multi-Center Study
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Physicians are generally poorly trained to recognize, treat or refer adolescents at risk for intimate partner violence (IPV). Participation in community programs may improve medical students’ knowledge, skills, and attitudes about IPV prevention.
To determine whether the experience of serving as educators in a community-based adolescent IPV prevention program improves medical students’ knowledge, skills, and attitudes toward victims of IPV, beyond that of didactic training.
One hundred and seventeen students attending 4 medical schools.
Students were randomly assigned to didactic training in adolescent IPV prevention with or without participation as educators in a community-based adolescent IPV prevention program. Students assigned to didactic training alone served as community educators after the study was completed.
Knowledge, self-assessment of skills and attitudes about intimate partner violence and future plans to pursue outreach work.
The baseline mean knowledge score of 10.25 improved to 21.64 after didactic training (p ≤ .001). Medical students in the “didactic plus outreach” group demonstrated higher levels of confidence in their ability to address issues of intimate partner violence, (mean = 41.91) than did students in the “didactic only” group (mean = 38.94) after controlling for initial levels of confidence (p ≤ .002).
Experience as educators in a community-based program to prevent adolescent IPV improved medical students’ confidence and attitudes in recognizing and taking action in situations of adolescent IPV, whereas participation in didactic training alone significantly improved students’ knowledge.
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- Impact of Participation in a Community-Based Intimate Partner Violence Prevention Program on Medical Students: A Multi-Center Study
Journal of General Internal Medicine
Volume 23, Issue 7 , pp 1043-1047
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Additional Links
- community-based intervention
- intimate partner violence
- medical students
- Industry Sectors
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Iris Cantor-UCLA Women’s Health Center and the Division of General Internal Medicine and Health Services Research, David Geffen School of Medicine at the University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA
- 2. Educational Development and Research Office, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Denver, CO, USA
- 3. Drexel University College of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA
- 4. Executive Office of Health and Human Services, Commonwealth of Massachusetts, Boston, MA, USA
- 5. Section of Adolescent Medicine of the Department of Pediatrics, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA
- 6. Center for Reducing Health Disparities CTSC at the University of California, Davis School of Medicine, Sacramento, CA, USA
- 7. Peace Over Violence (LACAAW), Los Angeles, CA, USA
- 8. UCLA Emergency Medicine Center, David Geffen School of Medicine at the University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA