Pseudohyponatremia in a Patient with HIV and Hepatitis C Coinfection
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Pseudohyponatremia refers to low serum sodium in the presence of normal plasma tonicity. Whereas pseudohyponatremia secondary to hyperlipidemia is a commonly recognized occurrence, falsely low sodium levels secondary to elevated protein are less frequently observed. We present in this paper the case of a man coinfected with HIV and hepatitis C who had pseudohyponatremia from hypergammaglobulinemia. As hypergammaglobulinemia is a frequent occurrence in both HIV and HCV, we suggest that pseudohyponatremia is an important and likely underdiagnosed phenomenon in this patient population. Clinicians need to be aware of the electrolyte exclusion effect and become familiar with the techniques used by their local laboratory in the measurement of serum electrolytes. Pseudohyponatremia should also be included in the differential diagnosis of an elevated osmolal gap, as the falsely lowered sodium level will lead to a falsely low calculated serum osmolality.
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- Pseudohyponatremia in a Patient with HIV and Hepatitis C Coinfection
Journal of General Internal Medicine
Volume 23, Issue 2 , pp 202-205
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
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- hepatitis C
- electrolyte exclusion effect
- Industry Sectors
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Department of Medicine, The Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, MD, USA
- 2. Department of Pathology, Clinical Chemistry Division, The Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, MD, USA
- 3. Department of Nephrology, The Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, MD, USA