, Volume 22, Issue 12, pp 1711-1717
Date: 20 Oct 2007

Identifying Medical Students Likely to Exhibit Poor Professionalism and Knowledge During Internship

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Abstract

CONTEXT

Identifying medical students who will perform poorly during residency is difficult.

OBJECTIVE

Determine whether commonly available data predicts low performance ratings during internship by residency program directors.

DESIGN

Prospective cohort involving medical school data from graduates of the Uniformed Services University (USU), surveys about experiences at USU, and ratings of their performance during internship by their program directors.

SETTING

Uniformed Services University.

PARTICIPANTS

One thousand sixty-nine graduates between 1993 and 2002.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S)

Residency program directors completed an 18-item survey assessing intern performance. Factor analysis of these items collapsed to 2 domains: knowledge and professionalism. These domains were scored and performance dichotomized at the 10th percentile.

RESULTS

Many variables showed a univariate relationship with ratings in the bottom 10% of both domains. Multivariable logistic regression modeling revealed that grades earned during the third year predicted low ratings in both knowledge (odds ratio [OR] = 4.9; 95%CI = 2.7–9.2) and professionalism (OR = 7.3; 95%CI = 4.1–13.0). USMLE step 1 scores (OR = 1.03; 95%CI = 1.01–1.05) predicted knowledge but not professionalism. The remaining variables were not independently predictive of performance ratings. The predictive ability for the knowledge and professionalism models was modest (respective area under ROC curves = 0.735 and 0.725).

CONCLUSIONS

A strong association exists between the third year GPA and internship ratings by program directors in professionalism and knowledge. In combination with third year grades, either the USMLE step 1 or step 2 scores predict poor knowledge ratings. Despite a wealth of available markers and a large data set, predicting poor performance during internship remains difficult.

This work was presented at the Mid-Atlantic regional SGIM conference at USU on March 9, 2007. It was also presented at the annual SGIM conference as a Lipkin finalist in Toronto, CA on April 27, 2007. It has been accepted for presentation at the USU Research Week conference May 15, 2007 and has been submitted for presentation at the annual Research in Medical Education conference. This was an unfunded research.
The opinions expressed in this paper are those of the authors and should not be construed, in any way, to represent those of the US Army or the Department of Defense.