Journal of General Internal Medicine

, Volume 22, Issue 10, pp 1429–1433

Reducing Patients’ Unmet Concerns in Primary Care: the Difference One Word Can Make

  • John Heritage
  • Jeffrey D. Robinson
  • Marc N. Elliott
  • Megan Beckett
  • Michael Wilkes
Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s11606-007-0279-0

Cite this article as:
Heritage, J., Robinson, J.D., Elliott, M.N. et al. J GEN INTERN MED (2007) 22: 1429. doi:10.1007/s11606-007-0279-0

Abstract

Context

In primary, acute-care visits, patients frequently present with more than 1 concern. Various visit factors prevent additional concerns from being articulated and addressed.

Objective

To test an intervention to reduce patients’ unmet concerns.

Design

Cross-sectional comparison of 2 experimental questions, with videotaping of office visits and pre and postvisit surveys.

Setting

Twenty outpatient offices of community-based physicians equally divided between Los Angeles County and a midsized town in Pennsylvania.

Participants

A volunteer sample of 20 family physicians (participation rate = 80%) and 224 patients approached consecutively within physicians (participation rate = 73%; approximately 11 participating for each enrolled physician) seeking care for an acute condition.

Intervention

After seeing 4 nonintervention patients, physicians were randomly assigned to solicit additional concerns by asking 1 of the following 2 questions after patients presented their chief concern: “Is there anything else you want to address in the visit today?” (ANY condition) and “Is there something else you want to address in the visit today?” (SOME condition).

Main Outcome Measures

Patients’ unmet concerns: concerns listed on previsit surveys but not addressed during visits, visit time, unanticipated concerns: concerns that were addressed during the visit but not listed on previsit surveys.

Results

Relative to nonintervention cases, the implemented SOME intervention eliminated 78% of unmet concerns (odds ratio (OR) = .154, p = .001). The ANY intervention could not be significantly distinguished from the control condition (p = .122). Neither intervention affected visit length, or patients’; expression of unanticipated concerns not listed in previsit surveys.

Conclusions

Patients’ unmet concerns can be dramatically reduced by a simple inquiry framed in the SOME form. Both the learning and implementation of the intervention require very little time.

KEY WORDS

unmet concernsunanticipated concernsinterventioncarephysician-patient communication

Copyright information

© Society of General Internal Medicine 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Heritage
    • 1
  • Jeffrey D. Robinson
    • 2
  • Marc N. Elliott
    • 3
  • Megan Beckett
    • 3
  • Michael Wilkes
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of SociologyUniversity of CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA
  2. 2.Department of CommunicationRutgers UniversityBrunswickUSA
  3. 3.RAND CorporationSanta MonicaUSA
  4. 4.School of MedicineUniversity of CaliforniaDavisUSA