Journal of General Internal Medicine

, Volume 22, Issue 9, pp 1286–1291

The Association Between Life Chaos, Health Care Use, and Health Status Among HIV-Infected Persons

  • Mitchell D. Wong
  • Catherine A. Sarkisian
  • Cynthia Davis
  • Janni Kinsler
  • William E. Cunningham
Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s11606-007-0265-6

Cite this article as:
Wong, M.D., Sarkisian, C.A., Davis, C. et al. J GEN INTERN MED (2007) 22: 1286. doi:10.1007/s11606-007-0265-6



Whether having a stable and predictable lifestyle is associated with health care use and health status among HIV patients is unknown.


To develop and test the reliability and validity of a measure of life chaos for adults with HIV and examine its association with health care use and health status.


Prospective cohort study.


Two hundred twenty HIV-infected persons recruited from those who tested positive in a mobile testing van and from HIV clinics serving low-income populations.


Participants completed a survey every 6 months, assessing their health care use, SF-12 mental and physical health status and life chaos.


Cronbach’s alpha for the six-item measure of chaos was .67. Those without a spouse or partner and those with one or more unmet social service needs, such as housing or transportation, had higher chaos scores. Compared to those with less chaos, those with more chaos were less likely to have two or more outpatient visits (adjusted odds ratio [OR] 0.48, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.24–0.98), more likely to have two or more missed visits (adjusted OR 2.30, 95%CI: 1.20–4.41) in the 6 months before study enrollment and had lower mental health status at enrollment and at follow-up. Life chaos was not associated with emergency department visits or physical health status.


We created a new measure of life chaos, which was associated with outpatient visits and mental health status. Chaos may be an important barrier to regular medical care. Future studies need to test this measure in more diverse populations and those with other diseases.


HIV/AIDShealth services researchutilizationhealth status

Copyright information

© Society of General Internal Medicine 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mitchell D. Wong
    • 1
  • Catherine A. Sarkisian
    • 2
  • Cynthia Davis
    • 3
  • Janni Kinsler
    • 1
  • William E. Cunningham
    • 1
    • 4
  1. 1.UCLA Division of General Internal Medicine and Health Services ResearchUniversity of CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA
  2. 2.UCLA Division of GeriatricsUniversity of CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA
  3. 3.Charles Drew UniversityLos AngelesUSA
  4. 4.Department of Health Services, UCLA School of Public HealthUniversity of CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA