The Demise of Oregon’s Medically Needy Program: Effects of Losing Prescription Drug Coverage
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- Zerzan, J., Edlund, T., Krois, L. et al. J GEN INTERN MED (2007) 22: 847. doi:10.1007/s11606-007-0178-4
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In January 2003, people covered by Oregon’s Medically Needy program lost benefits owing to state budget shortfalls. The Medically Needy program is a federally matched optional Medicaid program. In Oregon, this program mainly provided prescription drug benefits.
To describe the Medically Needy population and determine how benefit loss affected this population’s health and prescription use.
A 49-question telephone survey instrument created by the research team and administered by a research contractor.
A random sample of 1,269 eligible enrollees in Oregon’s Medically Needy Program. Response rate was 35% with 439 individuals, ages 21–91 and 64% women, completing the survey.
Demographics, health information, and medicatication use at the time of the survey obtained from the interview. Medication use during the program obtained from administrative data.
In the 6 months after the Medically Needy program ended, 75% had skipped or stopped medications. Sixty percent of the respondents had cut back on their food budget, 47% had borrowed money, and 49% had skipped paying other bills to pay for medications. By self-report, there was no significant difference in emergency department visits, but a significant decrease in hospitalizations comparing 6 months before and after losing the program. Two-thirds of respondents rated their current health as poor or fair.
The Medically Needy program provided coverage for a low-income, chronically ill population. Since its termination, enrollees have decreased prescription drug use and increased financial burden. As states make program changes and Medicare Part D evolves, effects on vulnerable populations must be considered.