Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery

, Volume 17, Issue 9, pp 1609–1617

Dendritic Cell-Based Immunotherapy Targeting Synthesized Peptides for Advanced Biliary Tract Cancer


  • Masanori Kobayashi
    • Seren Clinic NagoyaIsokai
    • Department of RadiologyNagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences
  • Tomoyo Sakabe
    • Seren Clinic NagoyaIsokai
  • Hirofumi Abe
    • Seren Clinic KobeIsokai
  • Mitsugu Tanii
    • Seren Clinic FukuokaIsokai
  • Hidenori Takahashi
    • Seren Clinic FukuokaIsokai
  • Asako Chiba
    • Seren Clinic TokyoIsokai
  • Eri Yanagida
    • Seren Clinic TokyoIsokai
  • Yuta Shibamoto
    • Department of RadiologyNagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences
  • Masahiro Ogasawara
    • Department of HematologySapporo Hokuyu Hospital
  • Shun-ichi Tsujitani
    • National Center for Grobal Health and Medicine
  • Shigeo Koido
    • Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Internal MedicineThe Jikei University School of Medicine
  • Kazuhiro Nagai
    • Transfusion and Cell Therapy UnitNagasaki University Hospital
  • Shigetaka Shimodaira
    • Cell Processing CenterShinshu University Hospital
  • Masato Okamoto
    • Institute for Advanced Medical ResearchKeio University School of Medicine
  • Yoshikazu Yonemitsu
    • R&D Laboratory for Innovative Biotherapeutics, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical SciencesKyushu University
  • Noboru Suzuki
    • Department of ImmunologySt. Marianna University School of Medicine
    • Seren Clinic TokyoIsokai
    • Department of ImmunologySt. Marianna University School of Medicine
  • The DC-vaccine study group at the Japan Society of Innovative Cell Therapy (J-SICT)
Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s11605-013-2286-2

Cite this article as:
Kobayashi, M., Sakabe, T., Abe, H. et al. J Gastrointest Surg (2013) 17: 1609. doi:10.1007/s11605-013-2286-2



The aim of this retrospective study was to clarify the safety and efficacy of dendritic cell (DC)-based immunotherapy targeting synthesized peptides, Wilms tumor 1 (WT1) and Mucin 1, cell surface associated (MUC1) for biliary tract cancers (BTCs).


Sixty-five patients who had nonresectable, recurrent, or metastatic BTCs and received the DC-based immunotherapy were selected for the study. DCs were pulsed with WT1 and/or MUC1. The adverse events (AEs) and clinical responses were examined.


No serious treatment-related AEs were observed. Median survival time (MST) from diagnosis and from the first vaccination was 18.5 and 7.2 months, respectively. By multivariate Cox proportional hazard analysis, the significant independent factors were found to be (1) combined chemotherapy, (2) albumin level ≥4.0 g/dL before vaccination, (3) C-reactive protein level <0.5 mg/dL before vaccination, and (4) fever after vaccination. The MST from the first vaccination with or without chemotherapy was 8.2 and 5.3 months, respectively (P = 0.016), and MST for the patients with prognostic nutritional index ≥40 and <40 was 8.1 and 5.0 months, respectively (P = 0.023).


Although a small uncontrolled nonrandomized study, DC-based immunotherapy for BTCs was safe and produced a clinical response for the patients who underwent chemotherapy and maintained a good nutrition status.


Dendritic cellWT1MUC1Immunotherapy and biliary tract cancer



Biliary tract cancer


Dendritic cell


Wilms tumor 1


Mucin 1, cell surface associated

IHC staining

Immunohistochemical staining


Median survival time


Objective response rate


Disease control rate


Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors


Modified Glasgow prognostic score


Prognostic nutritional index


C-reactive protein


Regulatory T cell


Cytotoxic T lymphocytes

Supplementary material

11605_2013_2286_MOESM1_ESM.doc (56 kb)
ESM 1(DOC 55 kb)

Copyright information

© The Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract 2013