Review Article

Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery

, Volume 13, Issue 6, pp 1138-1146

The Omentum: Anatomical, Metabolic, and Surgical Aspects

  • Danielle CollinsAffiliated withInstitute of Clinical Outcomes, Research and Education (iCore), St Vincent’s HospitalDepartment of Surgery, St Vincent’s Hospital Email author 
  • , Aisling M. HoganAffiliated withInstitute of Clinical Outcomes, Research and Education (iCore), St Vincent’s Hospital
  • , Donal O’SheaAffiliated withDepartment of Endocrinology, St Vincent’s University Hospital
  • , Des C. WinterAffiliated withInstitute of Clinical Outcomes, Research and Education (iCore), St Vincent’s Hospital

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Abstract

Introduction

The omentum is acknowledged to have diverse functions in the pathophysiology of intra-abdominal disease. Its angiogenic properties act as a natural defense mechanism in peritonitis and intra-abdominal sepsis. With advancing technology the omentum is revealing itself as a new player in the field of molecular surgery with special reference to cancer, obesity and tissue reconstruction.

Materials and methods

This article reviews the existing and potential surgical applications of the omentum.

Keywords

Omentum Inflammation Reconstruction Metabolic