Clinical Significance of the Metastatic Lymph-Node Ratio in Early Gastric Cancer
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- Kunisaki, C., Makino, H., Akiyama, H. et al. J Gastrointest Surg (2008) 12: 542. doi:10.1007/s11605-007-0239-3
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The metastatic lymph-node ratio has important prognostic value in gastric cancer; this study focused on its significance in early gastric cancer. In total, 1,472 patients with early gastric cancer underwent curative gastrectomy between 1992 and 2001. Of these, 166 (11.3%) had histologically proven lymph-node metastasis. Prognostic factors were identified by univariate and multivariate analyses. Metastasis was evaluated using the Japanese Classification of Gastric Carcinoma (JGC) and the Union Internationale Contre le Cancer/Tumor, Node, Metastasis (UICC/TNM) Classification. The metastatic lymph-node ratio was calculated using the hazard ratio. The cut-off values for the metastatic lymph-node ratio were set at 0, <0.15, ≥0.15 to <0.30, and ≥0.30. The numbers of dissected and metastatic lymph nodes were correlated, but the number of dissected lymph nodes and the metastatic lymph-node ratio was not related. The JGC and UICC/TNM classification demonstrated stage migration and heterogeneous stratification for disease-specific survival. The metastatic lymph-node ratio showed less stage migration and homogenous stratification. The metastatic lymph-node ratio may be a superior method of classification, which provides also accurate prognostic stratification for early gastric cancer patients.