, Volume 1, Issue 1, pp 13-19

Duodenum-preserving pancreatic head resection: long-term results

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Abstract

Early and late results from 298 patients with chronic pancreatitis who were surgically treated by means of duodenum-preserving pancreatic head resection (DPPHR) were prospectively analyzed. The aim of this operative procedure is to treat complications of chronic pancreatitis caused by inflammatory enlargement of the pancreatic head by decompressing the common bile duct, the pancreatic duct, the duodenum, and the retropancreatic intestinal vessels. End points of the study were early and late postoperative outcome. The follow-up period ranged from 1 to 22 years with a median follow-up of 6 years. In-hospital mortality was 1%, postoperative morbidity was 28.5%, and the rate of repeat laparotomy was 5.7%. Diabetes mellitus developed early in the postoperative period in six patients (2%). After a median follow-up of 6 years, late mortality was 8.9%. In the late follow-up period 88% of our patients were completely free of pain or had infrequent episodes and 63% were able to return to work. DPPHR might be considered as an alternative surgical technique in the treatment of chronic pancreatitis if the dominant lesion is in the pancreatic head.