Cussac T, Clair M, Ultré-Guerard P, Buisson F, Lassalle-Balier G, Ledu M, Elisabelar C, Passot X and Rey N (2006). The Demeter microsatellite and ground segment. Planet Space Science54
Chmyrev V M, Isaev N V, Serebryakova O N, Sorokin V M and Sobolev Y P (1997). Small-scale plasma inhomogeneities and correlated ELF emissions in the ionosphere over an earthquake region. J Atmos Solar-Terr Phys59
Davies K and Baker D M (1965). Ionospheric effects observed around the time of the Alaska earthquake of March 28 1964. J Geophys Res70: 172–179.
Ding J H, Lu Z Y and Yu S R (2011). A Brief Treatise on Seismomagnetism. Publishing House of Chinese University of Sciences and Technology, Hefei, 490pp (in Chinese).
Ding J H, Shen X H and Pan W Y (2006). Research progress of seismoelectromagnetic precursors. Chinese J Radio Science21(5): 791–801 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Gokhberg M B, Pilipenko V A and Pokhotelov O A (1983). Seismic precursors in the ionosphere. Izv Earth Phys19: 762–765 (in Russian).
Hegai V V, Kim V P and Nikiforova L I (1997). A possible generation mechanism of acoustic-gravity waves in the ionosphere before strong earthquakes. J Earthq Predict Res6: 584–589.
Isaev N V and Serebryakova O N (2001). Electromagnetic and plasma effects of seismic activity in the Earth ionosphere. Chem Phys Reports19(6): 1 177–1 188.
Klimenko M V, Klimenko V V, Zakharenkova I E, Pulinets S A, Zhao B and Tzidilina M N (2011). Formation mechanism of great positive disturbances prior to Wenchuan earthquake on May 12, 2008. Adv Space Res48
Lagouttea D, Brochota J Y, de Carvalhoa D, Elie F, Harivelo F, Hobara Y, Madrias L, Parrot M, Pincon J L, Berthelier J J, Peschard D, Seran E, Gangloff M, Sauvaud J A, Lebreton J P, Stverak S, Travnicek P, Grygorczuk J, Slominski J, Wronowski R, Barbier S, Bernard P, Gaboriaud A and Walluth J M (2006). The DEMETER science mission centre. Planet Space Sci54
Larkina V I, Migulin V V and Molchanov O A (1989). Some statistical results on very low frequency radio wave emissions in the upper ionosphere over earthquake zones. Phys Earth Planet Inter57
Li J Y, Meng G J, Wang M, Liao H and Shen X H (2009). Investigation of ionospheric TEC changes related to the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake based on statistic analysis and signal detection. Earthquake Science22
Liu J, Wan W X, Huang J P, Zhang X M, Zhao S F, Ouyang X Y and Zeren Z (2011). Electron density perturbation before Chile M8.8 earthquake. Chinese J Geophys54(11): 2 717–2 725 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Liu J Y, Chen Y I, Chuo Y J and Tsai H F (2001). Variations of ionospheric total electron content during the Chi-Chi earthquake. Geophys Res Lett28
: 1 383–1 386.CrossRef
Liu J Y, Chen Y I, Pulinets S A, Tsai Y B and Chuo Y J (2000). Seismo-ionospheric signatures prior to M
>6.0 Taiwan earthquakes. Geophys Res Lett27
: 3 113–3 116.CrossRef
Liu J Y, Chuo Y J, Shan S J, Tsai Y B, Chen Y I, Pulinets S A and Yu S B (2004a). Pre-earthquake ionospheric anomalies registered by continuous GPS TEC measurements. Ann Geophys22
: 1 585–1 593.CrossRef
Liu J Y, Tsai Y B, Ma K F, Chen Yun-Ing, Tsai H F and Lin C H (2006). Ionospheric GPS total electron content (TEC) disturbances triggered by the 26 December 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami. J Geophys Res111: A05304.
Liu J Y, Chen Y I, Huang H K and Lin Y H (2004b). Ionospheric foF2 and TEC anomalous days associated withM≥5 earthquake in Taiwan during 1997–1999. TAO15(3): 371–384.
Molchanov O, Fedorov E, Schekotov A, Gordeev E, Chebrov V, Surkov V, Rozhnoi A, Andreevsky S, Iudin D, Yunga S, Lutikov A, Hayakawa M and Biagi P F (2004). Lithosphere-atmosphere-ionosphere coupling as governing mechanism for preseismic short-term events in atmosphere and ionosphere. Nat Hazards Earth Syst Sci4
Molchanov O A, Hayakaya M and Rafalsky V A (1995). Penetration characteristics of electromagnetic emissions from an underground seismic source into the atmosphere, ionosphere, and magnetosphere. J Geophys Res100
(A2): 1 691–1 712.CrossRef
Ouyang X Y, Zhang X M, Shen X H, Liu J, Qian J D, Cai J A and Zhao S F (2008). Ionospheric Ne
disturbances before 2007 Pu’er, Yunnan, China, earthquake. Earthquake Science21
Parrot M (1995). Use of satellites to detect seismoelectromagnetic effects. Adv Space Res15
Parrot M and Lefeuvre F (1989). Correlation between GEOS VLF emissions and earthquakes. Ann Geophys3: 737–748.
Parrot M, Achache J, Berthelier J J, Blanc E, Deschamps A, Lefeuvre F, Menvielle M, Plantet J L, Tarits P and Villain J P (1993). High frequency seismo-electromagnetic effects. Phys Earth Planet Inter77
Parrot M, Benoist D, Berthelier J, Błęecki J, Chapuis Y, Colin F, Elie F, Fergeau P, Lagoutte D, Lefeuvre F, Legendre C, Lévêque M, Pinçon J L, Poirier B, Seran H-C and Zamora P (2006). The magnetic field experiment IMSC and its data processing onboard DEMETER: Scientific objectives, description and first results. Planet Space Science54
Pulinets S and Boyarchuk K (2004). Ionospheric Precursors of Earthquakes. Springer, Berlin, 315pp.
Pulinets S and Ouzounov D (2011). Lithosphere-Atmosphere-Ionosphere Coupling (LAIC) model — An unified concept for earthquake precursors validation. J Asian Earth Sci41
Pulinets S A (1998). Strong earthquakes prediction possibility with the help of topside sounding from satellites. Adv Space Res21
Pulinets S A (2004). Ionospheric precursors of earthquakes; recent advances in theory and practical applications. Terr Atmos Ocean Sci15(3): 413–415.
Pulinets S A (2009). Physical mechanism of the vertical electric field generation over active tectonic faults. Adv Space Res44
Pulinets S A and Legen’ka D (2003). Spatial-temporal characteristics of large scale distributions of electron density observed in the ionospheric F-region before strong earthquakes. Cosmic Research41
Pulinets S A, Alekseev V A, Legen’ka A D and Khegai V V (1997). Radon and metallic aerosols emanation before strong earthquakes and their role in atmosphere and ionosphere modification. Adv Space Res20
: 2 173–2 176.CrossRef
Pulinets S A, Bondur V G, Tsidilina M N and Gaponova M V (2010). Verification of the concept of seismoionospheric relations under quiet heliogeomagnetic conditions, using the Wenchuan (China) earthquake of May 12, 2008, as an example. Geomagnetism and Aeronomy50
Pulinets S A, Boyarchuk K A, Hegai V V, Kim V P and Lomonosov A M (2000). Quasielectrostatic model of atmosphere-thermosphere-ionosphere coupling. Adv Space Res26
(8): 1 209–1 218.CrossRef
Pulinets S A, Khegai V V, Boyarchuk K A and Lomonosov A M (1998). Atmospheric electric field as a source of ionospheric variability. Physics-Uspekhi41
Pulinets S A, Legen’ka A D and Alekseev V A (1994). Pre-earthquakes effects and their possible mechanisms. In: Kikuchi H ed. Dusty and Dirty Plasmas, Noise and Chaos in Space and in the Laboratory
. Plenum Publishing, New York, 545–557.CrossRef
Pulinets S A, Legen’ka A D, Gaivoronskaya T V and Depuev V K (2003). The main phenomenological features of ionospheric precursors of strong earthquakes. J Atm Solar Terr Phys65
: 1 337–1 347.CrossRef
Ruzhin Y Y and Larkina V I (1996). Magnetic conjugation and a time coherency of seismoionosphere VLF bursts and energetic particles. In: Proceedings of International Wroclaw Symposium on Electromagnetic Compatibility. June 25–28, Poland, Wroclaw, 645–648.
Ruzhin Y Y, Larkina V I and Depueva A K (1998). Earthquake precursors in magnetically conjugated ionosphere regions. Adv Space Res21
Shalimov S L and Gokhberg M B (1998). Lithosphereionosphere coupling mechanism and its application to earthquake in Iran on June 20 1990. A review of ionospheric measurements and basic assumptions. Phys Earth Planet Inter105
Shen J, Shen X and Liu Q (2009). The thermo-electric effect of natural minerals and its potential in application in earthquake prediction research. Bulletin of Minerals, Rocks and Geochemistry28(3): 301–307 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Shen J, Shen X and Liu Q (2010a). The thermoelectric effect of magnetite: a new model for abnormal geo-electricity from the formation and occurrence of earthquake.J Mineral Petrol30(4): 21–27 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Shen J F, Shen X H, Liu Q and Ying N (2010a). The thermoelectric effect of magnetite and mechanism of geo-electric abnormalities during earthquake. Geoscience Frontiers1
(1): 99–104 (in Chinese with English abstract).CrossRef
Shen X H, Shan X J, Wu Y, Zhang J F, Kang C L, Ding J H, Qian J D, Yang D M, Du X B and Wang L W (2007). Current status of remote sensing application in earthquake science and the framework of Chinese seismo-related satellite mission. Recent Developments in World Seismology (8): 38–45 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Sorokin V M, Yaschenko A K and Hayakawa M (2007). A perturbation of DC electric field caused by light ion adhesion to aerosols during the growth in seismic-related atmospheric radioactivity. Nat Hazards Earth Syst Sci7
Takeuchi B, Lau W S and Freund F T (2004). Current and surface potential induced by stress-activated positive holes in igneous rocks. Phys Chem Earth31(4–9): 240–247.
Zhang X, Shen X, Liu J, Ouyang X, Qian J and Zhao S (2010a). Ionospheric perturbations of electron density before the Wenchuan earthquake. International Journal of Remote Sensing31
(13): 3 559–3 569.CrossRef
Zhang X, Zeren Z, Parrot M, Battiston R, Qian J and Shen X (2011). ULF/ELF ionospheric electric field and plasma perturbations related to Chile earthquakes. Adv Space Res47
: 991–1 000.CrossRef
Zhang X M, Ding J H, Shen X H, Wang M, Liu J, Yu S R, Wang Y L and Ouyang X Y (2009a). Electromagnetic perturbations before Wenchuan M
8 earthquake and stereo electromagnetic observation system. Chinese J Radio Science24
(1): 1–8 (in Chinese with English abstract).CrossRef
Zhang X M, Liu J, Shen X H, Parrot M, Qian J D, Ouyang X Y, Zhao S F and Huang J (2010b). Ionospheric perturbations associated with the M8.6 Sumatra earthquake on 28 March 2005. Chinese J Geophys53(3): 567–575.
Zhang X M, Qian J D, Ouyang X Y, Cai J A, Liu J, Shen X H and Zhao S F (2009b). Ionospheric electro-magnetic disturbances prior to Yutian 7.2 earthquake in Xinjiang. Chin Space Sci29(2): 213–221.
Zhang X M, Qian J D, Ouyang X Y, Shen X H, Cai J A and Zhao S F (2009c). Ionospheric electromagnetic perturbations observed on DEMETER satellite before Chile M
7.9 earthquake. Earthquake Science22
Zhang X M, Shen X H, Liu J, Ouyang X Y, Qian J D, and Zhao S F (2009d). Analysis of ionosphere plasma perturbations before Wenchuan earthquake. Nat Hazards Earth Syst Sci9
: 1 259–1 266.CrossRef
Zhang X M, Shen X H, Ouyang X Y, Cai J A, Huang J P, Liu J and Zhao S F (2009e). Ionosphere VLF electric field anomalies before Wenchuan M8 earthquake. Chinese J Radio Science24(6): 1 024–1 032 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Zhao S F, Shen X H, Pan W Y, Zhang X M and Liao L (2010). Penetration characteristics of VLF wave from atmosphere into lower ionosphere. Earthquake Science23