Earthquake Science

, Volume 24, Issue 1, pp 55–64

Surface wave tomography on a large-scale seismic array combining ambient noise and teleseismic earthquake data

  • Yingjie Yang
  • Weisen Shen
  • Michael H. Ritzwoller

DOI: 10.1007/s11589-011-0769-3

Cite this article as:
Yang, Y., Shen, W. & Ritzwoller, M.H. Earthq Sci (2011) 24: 55. doi:10.1007/s11589-011-0769-3


We discuss two array-based tomography methods, ambient noise tomography (ANT) and two-planewave earthquake tomography (TPWT), which are capable of taking advantage of emerging large-scale broadband seismic arrays to generate high resolution phase velocity maps, but in complementary period band: ANT at 8–40 s and TPWT at 25–100 s period. Combining these two methods generates surface wave dispersion maps from 8 to 100 s periods, which can be used to construct a 3D vS model from the surface to ∼200 km depth. As an illustration, we apply the two methods to the USArray/Transportable Array. We process seismic noise data from over 1 500 stations obtained from 2005 through 2009 to produce Rayleigh wave phase velocity maps from 8 to 40 s period, and also perform TPWT using ∼450 teleseismic earthquakes to obtain phase velocity maps between 25 and 100 s period. Combining dispersion maps from ANT and TPWT, we construct a 3D vS model from the surface to a depth of 160 km in the western and central USA. These surface wave tomography methods can also be applied to other rapidly growing seismic networks such as those in China.

Key words

ambient noiseRayleigh wavesurface wave tomography

CLC number


Copyright information

© The Seismological Society of China and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yingjie Yang
    • 1
  • Weisen Shen
    • 2
  • Michael H. Ritzwoller
    • 2
  1. 1.GEMOC ARC National Key Centre, Department of Earth and Planetary SciencesMacquarie UniversityNorth RydeAustralia
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsUniversity of Colorado at BoulderBoulderUSA