Preparation and electrochemical performance of spherical MnOx with high capacitance
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- Luo, HM., Sun, YX., Zhang, FB. et al. Ionics (2014) 20: 1535. doi:10.1007/s11581-014-1124-1
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A promising electrode material, MnOx, was prepared by chemical precipitation method using MnSO4 · H2O as manganese source and (NH4)2CO3 as precipitant. The as-prepared manganese oxide was characterized by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), transmission electron microscope (TEM), and X-ray diffraction (XRD), respectively. The effects of reaction temperature and calcination temperature on the electrochemical properties of the electrode materials were investigated. The results show that MnOx with a spherical morphology exhibits an excellent performance in the energy storage field. Under the optimal experimental conditions, the specific capacitance of pure MnOx reaches up to 592 F g−2 in the alkaline media when the current density is 5 mA cm−2 over the potential window from −0.3 to +0.4 V. The combination resistance and transfer resistance of MnOx are 0.86 and 0.08 Ω, respectively. These findings make MnOx a promising electrode material for electrochemical capacitors.