, Volume 19, Issue 7, pp 1027-1036
Date: 08 Nov 2012

Preparation and characterization of zirconium sulfophenyl phosphate-doped sulfonated poly(phthalazinone ether sulfone) composite proton exchange membrane

Rent the article at a discount

Rent now

* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.

Get Access


Polymer composite membranes based on sulfonated poly(phthalazinone ether sulfone) (SPPES) and zirconium sulfophenyl phosphate (ZrSPP) were prepared. Three ZrSPP concentrations were used: 10, 20, and 30 wt%. The membranes were characterized by infrared spectroscopy (IR), X-ray diffraction spectroscopy, thermal gravimetric analysis, and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The IR results indicated the formation of intense hydrogen bonds between ZrSPP and SPPES molecules. The SEM micrographs showed that ZrSPP well dispersed with SPPES and form a lattice structure. The proton conductivity of the SPPES (degree of sulfonation (DS) 64 %)/ZrSPP (10 wt%) composite membrane reached 0.39 S/cm at 120 °C 100 % relative humidity and that of the 30 wt% of SPPES (DS 16.1 %)/ZrSPP composite membrane reached 0.18 S/cm at 150 °C. The methanol permeabilities of the SPPES/ZrSPP composite membranes were in the range of 2.1 × 10−8 to 0.13 × 10−8 cm2/s, much lower than that of Nafion®117 (10−6 cm2/s). The composite membranes exhibited good thermal stabilities, proton conductivities, and good methanol resistance properties.