, Volume 16, Issue 8, pp 763-768

A study on the role of BaTiO3 in lithum bis(perfluoroethanesulfonyl)imide-based PVDF-HFP nanocomposites

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Abstract

Lithium bis(perfluoroethanesulfonyl)imide (BETI; guest species)-based polyvinylidenefluoride-hexafluoropropylene (PVDF-HFP) (host matrix) polymer nanocomposites (PNC) films by loading barium titanate (BaTiO3) as a filler in ascending proportions with plasticizer (mixture of EC + DMC) while keeping host and guest content as constants has been investigated by employing AC impedance, thermal, X-ray diffraction (XRD), phase morphology, and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) studies. The ionic conductivity measurements on these PNC show that 2.5% BaTiO3-loaded polymer nanocomposites (PNC) showed mitigation in magnitude of the conductivity compared with that of 0 wt.% loaded PNC; but increase in conductivity is noted thereafter with increase in filler content of up to 7.5 wt.%. The higher conductivity is observed for 7.5% filler-loaded membrane. The XRD study identifies suppression of polymer phase associated with (200) plane. The SEM image illustrates inhomogeneity in surface morphologies for PNCs with the filler dispersed. The thermal profile registers the endothermic changes associated with polymer host indicating a varying heat of fusion ∆Hm with filler increase. FTIR studies confirm possible interaction between various constituents of the PNCs.