Victim and Society: Sharing Wrongs, but in Which Roles?
- Claes Lernestedt
- … show all 1 hide
Purchase on Springer.com
$39.95 / €34.95 / £29.95*
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.
This paper discusses what kinds of conflicts arise when a crime has been committed, and with whom—and in which of their possible roles—the offender should be seen as having such conflicts. The possible roles of the victim are in focus, as is the constitutive role of the act of criminalizing a certain kind of behavior. It is argued that while in the tort conflict the victim should be seen as a party qua him- or herself in a ‘fuller’ sense (and with full freedom on how to handle the conflict, including dropping it), in the criminal law conflict it is community, the ‘we’, that should be looked upon as the party to the conflict with the offender. The victim should not be seen as excluded from the criminal law conflict, though: to the contrary, he or she is a member of community and has an important role to play. This role, however, needs to be strictly defined in a way that gives the victim the function of a certain kind of representative for ‘us’, the community. This role should not allow the victim much room to influence how the criminal law conflict is handled. The model I am suggesting presupposes—I think, at least—that criminal law conflict and tort conflict should be handled together at the same trial.
- Andenaes, J. (1952). General prevention—illusion or reality. Journal of Criminal Law, Criminology, and Political Science, 43, 176–198. CrossRef
- Ashworth, A. (1986). Punishment and compensation: Victims, offenders and the state. Oxford Journal of Legal Studies, 6, 86–122. CrossRef
- Ashworth, A. (1988). Criminal attempts and the role of resulting harm under the code. Rutgers Law Journal, 19, 725–772.
- Ashworth, A. (2005). Sentencing and criminal justice (4th ed.). Cambridge, New York: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef
- Becker, L. (1974). Criminal attempts and the theory of the law of crimes. Philosophy & Public Affair, 3, 262–294.
- Christie, N. (1977). Conflicts as property. British Journal of Criminology, 17, 1–15.
- Christie, N. (1986). The ideal victim. In E. Fattah (Ed.), From crime policy to victim policy (pp. 17–40). New York: St. Martin’s Press.
- Christie, N. (1992). Limits to pain (2nd ed.). Oxford: M Robertson.
- Daye, R. (2004). Political forgiveness: Lessons from South Africa. New York: Orbis; Edinburgh: Alban.
- Digeser, P. (2001). Political forgiveness. Ithaka, New York: Cornell University Press.
- Duff, R. A. (2001). Punishment, communication, and community. Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press.
- Duff, R. A. (2007). Answering for crime. Responsibility and liability in the criminal law. Oxford: Hart.
- Duff, R. A., & Marshall, S. E. (2004). Communicative punishment and the role of the victim. Criminal Justice Ethics, 23, 39–50. CrossRef
- Duff, R. A., & Marshall, S. E. (2011). Public and private wrongs. In J. Chalmers (Ed.), Essays in criminal law in honour of Sir Gerald Gordon (pp. 70–85). Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
- Feinberg, J. (1984–1988). The moral limits of the criminal law. New York: Oxford University Press.
- Gardner, J. (1998). Crime: In proportion and in perspective. In A. Ashworth & M. Wasik, (Eds.) Fundamentals of sentencing theory. Essays in honour of Andrew von Hirsch. Oxford: Clarendon Press; New York: Oxford University Press.
- Hassemer, W. (1989). Grundlinien einer personalen rechtsgutslehre. In L. Philipps & H Jenseits Scholler (Eds.) Jenseits des funktionalismus. Arthur Kaufmann zum 65. Geburtstag (pp. 85–94). Heidelberg: Decker & Müllerp.
- Hassemer, W., & Reemtsma, J. P. (2002). Verbrechensopfer. Gesetz und Gerechtigkeit. München: Beck.
- Jakobs, G. (1991). Strafrecht. Allgemeiner Teil. Die Grundlagen und die Zurechnungslehre, 2nd edn. Berlin, New York: de Gruyter.
- Jareborg, N. (1996). Criminal attempts and penal value. De Lege. Juridiska fakulteten i Uppsala. Årsbok (pp. 117–134). Uppsala: Iustus.
- Lacey, N. (1988). State punishment. Political principles and community values. London, New York: Routledge.
- Lernestedt, C. (2010). Dit och tillbaka igen. Om individ och struktur i straffrätten. Uppsala: Iustus.
- Lernestedt, C. (2011). Brottsofferskepnader. In C. Lernestedt & H. Tham (Eds.), Brottsoffret och kriminalpolitiken (pp. 405–441). Mölnlycke: Norstedts Juridik.
- Madden Dempsey, M. (2011). Public Wrongs and the ‘Criminal Law’s Business’: When Victims Won’t Share. In R. Cruft, M. Kramer & M. Reiff, (Eds.) Crime, punishment, and responsibility. The Jurisprudence of Antony Duff (pp. 254–272). Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press.
- Marshall, S. E. (2004). Victims of crime: Their station and its duties. Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy, 7, 104–117. CrossRef
- Marshall, S. E., & Duff, R. A. (1998). Criminalization and sharing wrongs. Canadian Journal of Law and Jurisprudence, 11, 7–22.
- Matravers, M. (2010). The victim, the state, and civil society. In A. E. Bottoms & J. V. Roberts (Eds.), Hearing the victim: Adversarial justice, crime victims and the state (pp. 1–16). Cullompton: Willan.
- Mill, J. S. (1982). On liberty. Reprinted in penguin classics. Harmondsworth: Penguin.
- Murphy, J. G., & Hampton, J. (1988). Forgiveness and mercy. Cambridge, New York: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef
- Simester, A. P., & von Hirsch, A. (2010). Crimes, harms, and wrongs. On the principles of criminalisation. Oxford: Hart.
- von Hirsch, A., & Jareborg, N. (1991). Gauging criminal harm. A living-standard analysis. Oxford Journal of Legal Studies, 11, 1–38. CrossRef
- Victim and Society: Sharing Wrongs, but in Which Roles?
Criminal Law and Philosophy
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer Netherlands
- Additional Links
- Sharing wrongs
- Industry Sectors
- Claes Lernestedt (1)
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Department of Criminal Law, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden