Making Room for Hate Crime Legislation in Liberal Societies
- Mohamad Al-Hakim
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There is a divide within political and legal theory concerning the justification of hate-crime legislation in liberal states. Opponents of Hate-Crime Legislation have recently argued that enhanced punishment for hate-motivated crimes cannot be justified within political liberal states. More specifically, Heidi Hurd argues that criminal sanction which target character dispositions unfairly target individuals for characteristics not readily under their control. She further argues that a ‘character’ based approach in criminal law is necessarily illiberal and violates the state’s commitment to political neutrality. In the current paper, I attempt to show the difficulties and absurdity that follows from Hurd’s characterization of hate- rimes. I aim to show that punishment for undesirable character traits is consistent with western conceptions of criminal law. Upon doing so, I then go on to construct a positive argument for the justifiability of punishing for character traits as well as for the enhanced punishment associated with hate-motivated crimes.
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- Making Room for Hate Crime Legislation in Liberal Societies
Criminal Law and Philosophy
Volume 4, Issue 3 , pp 341-358
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer Netherlands
- Additional Links
- Heidi Hurd
- Criminal responsibility
- Hate crimes
- Enhanced punishment
- Character theory
- Conception of the good
- Character traits
- Industry Sectors
- Mohamad Al-Hakim (1)
- Author Affiliations
- 1. York University, Philosophy, 4700 Keele Street, Toronto, M3J 1P3, Canada