Increase trend of correlation and phase synchrony of microwire iEEG before macroseizure onset
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- Hu, S., Chi, J., Zhang, J. et al. Cogn Neurodyn (2014) 8: 111. doi:10.1007/s11571-013-9270-0
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Micro/macrowire intracranial EEG (iEEG) signals recorded from implanted micro/macroelectrodes in epileptic patients have received great attention and are considered to include much information of neuron activities in seizure transition compared to scalp EEG from cortical electrodes. Microelectrode is contacted more close to neurons than macroelectrode and it is more sensitive to neuron activity changes than macroelectrode. Microwire iEEG recordings are inevitably advantageous over macrowire iEEG recordings to reveal neuronal mechanisms contributing to the generation of seizures. In this study, we investigate the seizure generation from microwire iEEG recordings and discuss synchronization of microwire iEEGs in four frequency bands: alpha (1−30 Hz), gamma (30−80 Hz), ripple (80–250 Hz), and fast ripple (>250 Hz) via two measures: correlation and phase synchrony. We find that an increase trend of correlation or phase synchrony exists before the macroseizure onset mostly in gamma and ripple bands where the duration of the preictal states varied in different seizures ranging up to a few seconds (minutes). This finding is contrast to the well-known result that a decrease of synchronization in macro domains exists before the macroseizure onset. The finding demonstrates that it is only when the seizure has recruited enough surrounding brain tissue does the signal become strong enough to be observed on the clinical macroelectrode and as a result support the hypothesis of progressive coalescence of microseizure domains. The potential ramifications of such an early detection of microscale seizure activity may open a new window on treatment by making possible disruption of seizure activity before it becomes fully established.