Journal of Real-Time Image Processing

, Volume 1, Issue 2, pp 109–121

Sensor band selection for multispectral imaging via average normalized information

Special Issue

DOI: 10.1007/s11554-006-0014-9

Cite this article as:
Wang, H. & Angelopoulou, E. J Real-Time Image Proc (2006) 1: 109. doi:10.1007/s11554-006-0014-9


The information-rich scene descriptors created by multispectral sensors can act as a bottleneck in further analysis, e.g., real-time scene capturing. Many of the spectral band selection methods treat the two underlying tasks (feature bands selection and redundancy reduction) in isolation. Furthermore, the majority of the work assumes reflectance data. However, the captured surface radiance varies with scene geometry and illumination. We propose a new band selection method, which uses spectral gradient entropy to choose bands that are more stable to such variations. Equally important, our measurement, the average normalized information (ANI) of a set of selected bands, combines feature band selection and band redundancy together. Since feature stability is an important criterion for band selection in ANI, our method favors features whose probability density can be accurately estimated. As a result, our technique selects the most representative feature bands that can be efficiently used in classification. In our experiments, ANI exhibited comparable performance with mutual information on reflectance data but outperformed mutual information when applied on surface radiance data.


Multispectral imagingBand selectionEntropyMaterial classification

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Computer ScienceStevens Institute of TechnologyHobokenUSA