Unusual presentation of hemochromatosis as isolated metacarpophalangeal joint osteoarthritis: a case report
- Sunishka M. WimalawansaAffiliated withDepartment of Surgery, Miami Valley Hospital, Wright State University Boonshoft School of Medicine Email author
- , Rannie AlSamkariAffiliated withDepartment of Orthopaedic Surgery, Miami Valley Hospital, Wright State University Boonshoft School of MedicineHand and Reconstructive Surgeons, Inc.
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Hemochromatosis, North America’s most prevalent genetic disorder, tends to present with an insidious onset and subtle, yet characteristic findings. Patients tend to present with both constitutional symptoms and end-organ effects.
Clinical criteria such as history, physical examination, imaging criteria with focused radiologic constellations, and laboratory findings were used for diagnosis.
We report the case of a man who lacked classic systemic symptoms, but instead presented with isolated metacarpophalangeal joint disease and characteristic radiologic findings. The diagnosis was confirmed by serum iron studies and subsequent genetic work-up.
A high index of clinical suspicion is required to diagnose early disease; better prognostic responses are expected with treatment of less severe disease. Hand surgeons should be aware of the characteristic findings for this rare presentation so proper treatment can be initiated early.
KeywordsHemochromatosis Metacarpophalangeal joint Arthropathy Osteoarthritis Arthritis MPJ MCP joint
- Unusual presentation of hemochromatosis as isolated metacarpophalangeal joint osteoarthritis: a case report
Volume 6, Issue 3 , pp 329-332
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- Metacarpophalangeal joint
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- 1. Department of Surgery, Miami Valley Hospital, Wright State University Boonshoft School of Medicine, One Wyoming St, Suite 7000, WCHE, Dayton, OH, 45409, USA
- 2. Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Miami Valley Hospital, Wright State University Boonshoft School of Medicine, 30 E. Apple Street, Suite 2200, Dayton, OH, 45409, USA
- 3. Hand and Reconstructive Surgeons, Inc., 2350 Miami Valley Drive, Suite 310, Centerville, OH, 45459, USA