Virtually Forgotten: Special Education Students in Cyber Schools
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
The area of online K-12 education is experiencing rapid growth, yet practice has greatly surpassed the research. This article looks to add to the field by examining special education students enrolled in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. There were over 2600 students in the state that were identified as special education students and enrolled in virtual schools in 2009 according to the Pennsylvania Department of Education. The population of special education students in cyber school mirrors the population of special education students in brick and mortar classrooms, thus it is important to understand the characteristics associated with special needs learners as current research and practices are not designed to serve this population. Understanding the characteristics of this group is fundamental for instructional design and educational practice to serve the needs of these diverse learners.
- Archambault, L., Diamond, D., Brown, R., Cavanaugh, C., Coffey, M., Foures-Aalbu, D., Richardson, J., & Zygouris-Coe, V. (2010). Research committee issues brief: An exploration of at-risk learners and online education. Vienna VA: International Association for K–12 Online Learning. Retrieved from http://www.inacol.org/research/docs/iNACOL_CreditRecovery.pdf
- Barbour, M. (2009). Today’s student and virtual schooling: The reality, the challenges, the promise. Journal of Distance Learning, 5–25.
- Barbour, M., & Reeves, T. (2009). The reality of virtual schools: A review of the literature. Computers and Education, 402–416.
- Bogden, J. (2003). Cyber Charter Schools. National Association of State Boards of Education, 33–37.
- Carnahan, C. (2010). Virtual Learning & Real Students: Exploring Success and Failure of K-12 Cyber Education. Laurel Highland Communication Conference. Indiana, PA.
- Carr-Chellman, A., & Marsh, R. (2009). Pennsylvania Cyber School Funding: Follow the Money. TechTrends, 49–55.
- Cavanaugh, C., Barbour, M., & Clark. (2009). Research and Practice in K-12 Online Learning: A Review of Open Access Literature. International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning. Cyber Charter Schools. (n.d.). Retrieved 10 йил 2010-1 from Pennsylvania Department of Education: http://www.portal.state.pa.us/portal/server.pt/community/purdon›s_statutes/7503/charter_schools/507354
- Education, P. D. (2006 йил 1-September). Cyber Charter Schools. Retrieved 2010 йил 8-November from http://www.portal.state.pa.us/portal/server.pt/community/purdon›s_statutes/7503/cyber_charter_schools/507354
- Engler, C., Zhao, Y., Dunsmore, K., Collings, N., & Woblers, K. (2007). Scaffolding the writing of students with disabilities through procedural facilitation: using an internet-based technology to improve performance. Learning Disability Quarterly, 9–28.
- I-NACOL. (2010). Facts About Online Learning. Retrieved 2010 йил 9-November from I-NACOL: http://www.inacol.org/press/docs/NACOL_fastfacts_083010-lr.pdf
- Pape, L., Revenaugh, M., Watson, J., & Wicks, M. (2006). Measuring Outcomes in K-12 Online Education Programs. Distance Learning, 51–58.
- Rice, K. (2006). A Comprehensive Look at Distance Education in the K-12 Context. Journal of Research on Technology in Education, 425–448.
- Virtually Forgotten: Special Education Students in Cyber Schools
Volume 57, Issue 4 , pp 46-52
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer US
- Additional Links