, Volume 20, Issue 2, pp 381–411

A Realization Optimality-Theoretic approach to affix order

Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s11525-010-9181-2

Cite this article as:
Aronoff, M. & Xu, Z. Morphology (2010) 20: 381. doi:10.1007/s11525-010-9181-2


The interplay of the main factors affecting affix order in inflection (semantic scope, phonology, and morphological templates) can be accounted for in an inferential-realizational Optimality-Theoretic model of morphology, which we present here. Within this model, phonological form is spelled out by means of individual-language-particular realization constraints that associate abstract morphosyntactic feature values with phonological forms and that are ordered among more general constraints governing factors like scope and feature splitting. The data used to exemplify the application of our theory to affix order are drawn from Haspelmath’s (A grammar of Lezgian, Mouton de Gruyter, Berlin, 1993) grammar of Lezgian, a language of the Northeast Caucasian family spoken largely in Dagestan (Russia) and Azerbaijan.


Affix orderSemantic scopeLezgianInflection

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of LinguisticsStony Brook UniversityStony BrookUSA
  2. 2.Department of Chinese StudiesNational University of SingaporeSingaporeSingapore