Morphology

, 19:207

Reduplication in Kharia: the masdar as a phonologically motivated category

Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s11525-009-9141-x

Cite this article as:
Peterson, J. & Maas, U. Morphology (2009) 19: 207. doi:10.1007/s11525-009-9141-x
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Abstract

At first glance, obligatory reduplication of monosyllabic lexemes in Kharia appears to be a means of deriving nouns and adjectives from verbs (cf. e.g. Abbi 1985, 1992; Biligiri 1965;76f.; Malhotra 1982) which originates from an earlier phonological constraint requiring all phonological words to be bisyllabic/bimoraic (Anderson and Zide 2002). As we argue in this study, however, although from a diachronic perspective reduplication in Kharia undoubtedly derives from a bisyllabic constraint on phonological words, a purely phonological analysis, as well as one in which reduplication merely serves to derive nouns or adjectives from verbs, is inadequate in our view, as reduplication is used to form the masdar, a grammatical category fulfilling a number of different functions: While the main or unmarked function of the masdar is undoubtedly secondary predication, it is also found in a highly marked construction in primary predication, where the bisyllabic constraint is actually redundant, as all primary predicates are at least bisyllabic even without reduplication. This analysis also differs from most studies dealing with reduplication in that the original function of what Inkelas and Zoll (2005) refer to as “morphological reduplication” was not semantic but rather purely phonological.

Keywords

BimoraicBisyllabicKhariaMasdarMundaPhonological wordReduplication

Abbreviations

A

Active voice

ABL

Ablative

ADD

Additive focus

BEN

Benefactive

CAUS

Causative

CMPL

Complementizer

CNTR

Contrastive focus

CONV

Converbal

COP

Copula

C:TEL

Culminatory telic

D

Dual

ECHO

Reduplicated element in erstwhile compounds which is no longer in general use

EXCESS

Excessive (“v2”)

EXCL

Exclusive

FOC

Restrictive focus

GEN

Genitive

HUM

Human

INCL

Inclusive

INF

Infinitive

IPFV

Imperfective

IRR

Irrealis

ITER

Iterative

M

Middle voice

NEG

Negative morpheme

NHUM

Non-human

NML

“Nominalizer”

OBL

Oblique case

P

Plural

POSS

Inalienable possession

PRS

Present

PT

Past

PURP

Purposive

RDP

Reduplication

REP

(Non-obligatory) repetition of an entire phonological word (intensity, distribution, etc.)

S

Singular

SEQ

Sequential converb

S:ITER

Semel-iterative

TAM

Tense, aspect, mood

WG

Grammatical word

WP

Phonological word

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Universität LeipzigLeipzigGermany
  2. 2.Universität GrazGrazAustria