Bedbug Complaints among Public Housing Residents—New York City, 2010–2011
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
Few studies have evaluated population-level risk factors for having a bedbug infestation. We describe characteristics associated with bedbug complaints among New York City Housing Authority (NYCHA) residents. Unique households receiving bedbug extermination services in response to a complaint during January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2011 were identified from NYCHA’s central facilities work order database. We examined associations between household characteristics and having a bedbug complaint using a generalized estimating equation Poisson regression model, accounting for clustering by housing development. Of the 176,327 NYCHA households, 11,660 (6.6 %) registered a bedbug complaint during 2010–2011. Bedbug complaints were independently associated with households having five or more children versus no children (prevalence ratio [PR] = 2.0), five or more adults versus one adult (PR = 1.6), a head of household (HOH) with impaired mobility (PR = 1.3), a household member receiving public assistance (PR = 1.2), a household income below poverty level (PR = 1.1), and a female HOH (PR = 1.1). Infestations were less likely to be reported by households with employed members (PR = 0.9), and an HOH aged 30–44 years (PR = 0.9) or 45–61 years (PR = 0.9), compared with an HOH aged 18–29 years. These results indicate that bedbug control efforts in public housing should be targeted toward households with low income and high occupancy.
- Boase C. Bed Bugs (Hemiptera: Cimicidae): an Evidence-Based Analysis of the Current Situation. Paper presented at: Sixth International Conference on Urban Pests2008; Budapest, Hungary.
- Boase, C (2001) Bedbugs—back from the brink. Pestic Outlook 2001: pp. 159-162 CrossRef
- Baltimore City Health Department. Bed Bug Response Plan. Baltimore, MD 2009
- Centers for Disease Control and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Joint Statement on bed bug control in the United States from the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Atlanta: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; 2010.
- Jacobs A. Just Try to Sleep Tight. The Bedbugs Are Back. 2005; http://www.nytimes.com/2005/11/27/nyregion/27bugs.html. Accessed October 12, 2012.
- Hernandez JC. In the War on Bedbugs, a New Attack Strategy. 2010; http://cityroom.blogs.nytimes.com/2010/07/28/in-the-war-on-bedbugs-a-new-attack-strategy/?scp=3&sq=bedbugs&st=cse. Accessed October 20, 2012.
- New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene. Community Health Survey. 2010; http://www.nyc.gov/html/doh/html/data/chs-methods.shtml. Accessed September 7, 2013.
- Goddard, J, deShazo, R (2009) Bed bugs (cimex lectularius) and clinical consequences of their bites. JAMA 301: pp. 1358-1366 CrossRef
- Goddard, J, Schazo, R (2012) Psychological effects of bed bug attacks (cimex lectularius L.). Am J Med 125: pp. 101-103 CrossRef
- Rieder, E, Hamalian, G, Maloy, K, Streicker, E, Sjulson, L, Ying, P (2012) Psychiatric consequences of actual versus feared and perceived bed bug infestations: a case series examining a current epidemic. Psychosomatics 53: pp. 85-91 CrossRef
- Stucki, A, Ludwig, R (2008) Images in clinical medicine. Bedbug bites. N Engl J Med 359: pp. 1047 CrossRef
- Bonnefoy X, Kampen H, Sweeney K. Public health significance of urban pests. Copenhagen, Denmark: World Health Organization; 2008.
- Hwang, SW, Svoboda, TJ, Jong, IJ, Kabasele, KJ, Gogosis, E (2005) Bed bug infestations in an urban environment. Emerg Infect Dis 11: pp. 533-538 CrossRef
- Reinhardt, K, Siva-Jothy, MT (2007) Biology of the bed bugs (cimicidae). Annu Rev Entomol 52: pp. 351-374 CrossRef
- Kass, D, McKelvey, W, Carlton, E (2009) Effectiveness of an integrated pest management intervention in controlling cockroaches, mice, and allergens in New york city public housing. Environ Health Perspect 117: pp. 1219-1225 CrossRef
- Paul, J, Bates, J (2000) Is infestation with the common bedbug increasing?. BMJ 320: pp. 1141 CrossRef
- New York City Bed Bug Advisory Board. Recommendations for the Management of Bed Bugs in New York City. New York, NY 2010.
- New York City Housing Authority. Development Data Book 2011. In: Flatley A-M, ed2011: http://www.nyc.gov/html/nycha/downloads/pdf1/pdb2011.pdf. Accessed December 27, 2013.
- New York City Housing Authority. New York City Housing Authority 2010 Annual Report. New York, NY: New York City Housing Authority; 2011.
- New York City Housing Authority. Applying for Public Housing. http://www.nyc.gov/html/nycha/html/assistance/need_based.shtml. Accessed September 5, 2013.
- Raven M, Gould DA. Time and again: frequent users of emergency department services in New York City. New York, NY: United Health Fund; 2012.
- Wang, C, Saltzmann, K, Chin, E, Bennett, GW, Gibb, T (2010) Characteristics of cimex lectularius (hemiptera: cimicidae), infestation and dispersal in a high-rise apartment building. J Econ Entomol 103: pp. 172-177 CrossRef
- Doggett S, Russell RC. The Resurgence of Bed Bugs, Cimex Spp. (Hemiptera:Cimicidae) in Australia. Paper presented at: Sixth International Conference on Urban Pests2008; Budapest, Hungary.
- Jones SC. Bed Bugs. Extension Factsheet 2004; http://ohioline.osu.edu/hyg-fact/2000/2105.html. Accessed October 30, 2012.
- Eddy C, Jones SC. Bed bugs, public health, and social justice: Part 1, A call to action. J Environ Health. Apr;73(8):8-14.
- Christakis, NA, Fowler, JH (2007) The spread of obesity in a large social network over 32 years. N Engl J Med 357: pp. 370-379 CrossRef
- Christakis, NA, Fowler, JH (2008) The collective dynamics of smoking in a large social network. N Engl J Med 358: pp. 2249-2258 CrossRef
- Cook, VJ, Sun, SJ, Tapia, J (2007) Transmission network analysis in tuberculosis contact investigations. J Infect Dis 196: pp. 1517-1527 CrossRef
- Bedbug Complaints among Public Housing Residents—New York City, 2010–2011
Journal of Urban Health
Volume 91, Issue 6 , pp 1076-1086
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer US
- Additional Links
- Public housing
- Environmental health
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Arctic Investigations Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Anchorage, AK, USA
- 2. Epidemiology and Biostatistics Program, City University of New York School of Public Health at Hunter College, New York, NY, USA
- 3. Department of Earth, Environmental, and Geospatial Sciences, City University of New York School of Public Health at Lehman College, New York, NY, USA