Cell Phone Use among Homeless Youth: Potential for New Health Interventions and Research
Purchase on Springer.com
$39.95 / €34.95 / £29.95*
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.
Cell phone use has become nearly ubiquitous among adolescents in the United States. Despite the potential for cell phones to facilitate intervention, research, and care for homeless youth, no data exists to date on cell phone use among this population. In 2009, a survey of cell phone use was conducted among a non-probability sample of 169 homeless youth in Los Angeles, CA. Levels of ownership and use, instrumental uses (connecting to case workers, employers) and patterns of connecting to various network types were assessed (family, home-based peers, street-based peers). Differences in socio-demographic characteristics and cell phone ownership were assessed via t test and chi-square statistics. Sixty-two percent of homeless youth own a cell phone; 40% have a working phone. Seventeen percent used their phone to call a case manager, 36% to call either a potential or current employer. Fifty-one percent of youth connected with home-based peers on the phone and 41% connected to parents. Cell phones present new opportunities for intervention research, connecting homeless youth to family and home-based peers who can be sources of social support in times of need. Moreover, cell phones provide researchers and providers with new avenues to maintain connections with these highly transient youth.
- Ringwalt CL, Greene JM, Robertson M, et al. The prevalence of homelessness among adolescents in the United States. Am J Pub Heal. 1998; 32: 1325–1329. CrossRef
- Kipke MD, Montgomery S, Simon TR, et al. Substance abuse disorders among runaway and homeless youth. Subst Use Misuse. 1997; 32: 969–986. CrossRef
- Whitbeck LB, Hoyt DR. Nowhere to Grow: Homeless and Runaway Adolescents and Their Families. Hawthorne, NY: Aldine de Gruyter; 1999.
- Tyler KA, Whitbeck LB, Hoyt DR, et al. Predictions of self-reported sexually transmitted diseases among homeless and runaway adolescents. J Sex Res. 2000; 37: 369–377. CrossRef
- Rice E, Milburn NG, Rotheram-Borus MJ, et al. The effects of peer group network properties on drug use among homeless youth. Am Behav Sci. 2005; 48: 1102. CrossRef
- Eyrich-Garg KM. Mobile phone technology: a new paradigm for the prevention, treatment, and research of the non-sheltered “Street” homeless? J Urban Health. 2010; 87: 365–380. CrossRef
- Rice E, Monro W, Barman-Adhikari A, et al. Internet use, social networking, and homeless adolescents’ HIV/AIDS risk. J Adolesc Health. 2010; 47:610–613.
- Lenhart, A. Teens and mobile phones over the past 5 years: pew Internet looks back | Pew Internet & American Life Project. Pew Resea Cen Int & Am Life Proj. 2009. http://www.pewinternet.org/Reports/2009/14–Teens-and-Mobile-Phones-Data-Memo.aspx?r=1 Accessed August 23, 2010.
- Auter PJ. Portable social groups: willingness to communicate, interpersonal communication gratifications, and cell phone use among young adults. Int J Mob Com. 2007; 5: 139–156. CrossRef
- Madell DE, Muncer SJ. Control over social interactions: an important reason for young people’s use of the Internet and mobile phone for communication? Cyberpsychol Behav. 2007; 10: 137–140. CrossRef
- Pearson JC, Carmon A, Tobola C, et al. Motives for communication: why the millennial generation uses electronic devices. J Comm Spe Thea Ass N D. 2009; 22.
- Thulin E, Vilhelmson B. Mobiles everywhere: youth, the mobile phone, and changes in everyday practices. J You Res. 2007; 2007: 15.
- Leung L. Stressful life events, motives for internet use, and social support among digital kids. CybPsyc Behav. 2007; 10: 204–214. CrossRef
- Walsh SP, White KM, Yong RM. Over-connected? A qualitative exploration of the relationship between Australian youth and their mobile phone. J Adoles. 2008; 32: 77–32. CrossRef
- Pain R, Grundy S. So long as I take my mobile: mobile phones, urban life, and geographies of young people’s safety. In J Urb Reg Res. 2005; 29(4): 814–830. CrossRef
- Wei R, Lo VH. Staying connected while on the move: cell phone use and social connectedness. N Med Soci. 2006; 8: 53–72. CrossRef
- Grunbaum JA, Kann L, Kinchen S, Ross J, Hawkins J, Lowry R, Harris WA, McManus T, Chyen D, Collins J. Youth risk behavior surveillance--United States, 2003. MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries/CDC 2004; 53(2): 1–96. http://www.cdc.gov/HealthyYouth/yrbs/index.htm Accessed May 10th, 2010.
- Brener ND, Collins JL, Kann L, Warren CW, Williams BI. Reliability of the youth risk behavior survey questionnaire. Am J Epidemiol. 1995; 141(6): 575–580.
- Beck AT, Steer RA, Brown GK. Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II). Antonio, TX: Psychological Corporation; 1996.
- Beck AT, Epstein N, Brown G, Steer RA. An inventory for measuring clinical anxiety: psychometric properties. J Consult Clin Psychol. 1989; 56(6): 893–89.
- Tsemberis S, McHugo G, Williams V, Hanrahan P, Stefancic A. Measuring homelessness and residential stability: the residential time-line follow-back inventory. J Community Psychol. 2007; 35(1): 29–42. CrossRef
- Uchino BN, Cacioppo JT, Kiecolt-Glaser JK. The relationship between social support and physiological processes: a review with emphasis on underlying mechanisms and implications for health. Psychol Bull. 1996; 119: 488–531. CrossRef
- Mandell D, Muncer S. Back from the beach but hanging on the telephone? English adolescents’ attitudes and experiences of mobile phones and the internet. CybPscy Behav. 2004; 7: 359–367. CrossRef
- Arnold EM, Rotheram-Borus MJ. Comparisons of prevention programs for homeless youth. Prev Sci. 2009; 10: 76–86. CrossRef
- Rice E, Milburn N, Rotheram-Borus MJ. Pro-social and problematic social network influences on HIV/AIDS risk behaviours among newly homeless youth in los angeles. AIDS Care. 2007; 19: 697–704. CrossRef
- Cell Phone Use among Homeless Youth: Potential for New Health Interventions and Research
Journal of Urban Health
Volume 88, Issue 6 , pp 1175-1182
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer US
- Additional Links
- Mobile phone
- Cell phone
- Social media
- Social network