Journal of Urban Health

, Volume 83, Issue 4, pp 558–574

Correlates of Condom Use Intentions and Behaviors Among a Community-Based Sample of Latino Men in Los Angeles


    • Department of Public HealthOregon State University
  • Jillian T. Henderson

DOI: 10.1007/s11524-006-9064-3

Cite this article as:
Harvey, S.M. & Henderson, J.T. JURH (2006) 83: 558. doi:10.1007/s11524-006-9064-3


HIV/AIDS has disproportionately affected Latino communities. The majority of research addressing HIV risk behaviors within this population has focused on women. However, men who have sex with women (MSW) are a population increasingly becoming infected with HIV and heterosexual contact is the primary source of HIV transmission among Latinos diagnosed with AIDS. It has been assumed that because men are likely to control condom use, relationship factors are less likely to influence safer sex behavior among men. However, because condom use is an interdependent behavior, understanding factors that predict safer sex behavior among MSW is critical. This study examined the influence of multiple factors on condom use behavior in a community-based sample of young Latino men. Data from 191 Latino men who completed baseline interviews for an intervention were analyzed to examine the association of background, intrapersonal and relationship factors with intentions to use condoms and condom use in the past three months. Findings from multivariate analyses indicated that more positive attitudes toward condoms, stronger partner condom norms and greater participation in decision-making about condom use were significantly associated with both condom use and condom use intentions. Additionally, men reporting lower expectations of negative partner reactions to condom requests were more likely to use condoms, and condom use intentions were higher among men reporting more health protective communication in the relationship. Findings suggest that interventions to prevent HIV need to include men as well as women and address the role of relationship factors and dynamics in safer sex practices.


Condom useCondom use intentionsHIV/STI preventionIntrapersonal factorsLatino menRelationships characteristics

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© The New York Academy of Medicine 2006