, Volume 48, Issue 2, pp 133-137
Date: 30 Dec 2009

Increase in intrathoracic volume in pectus excavatum patients after the Nuss procedure

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Abstract

In this study, we present finite element analysis models to calculate the increase in intrathoracic volume of pectus excavatum patients after the Nuss procedure. One virtue of our approach is that the measurement of the intrathoracic volume has no time difference and is not affected by postoperative pain, which cannot be achieved with a 2-year difference between pre- and postoperative pulmonary function testing or any other clinical method. The calculations show that the intrathoracic volume of pectus excavatum patients increased by approximately 2.72–8.88% after the Nuss procedure. The increment curve was patient-dependent, although the increment behavior was similar among the six patients examined. The curve of the increase became flat when the elevating force exceeded 80 N or the displacement of the lower sternal end exceeded 2.6 cm in half of our cases.