Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing

, Volume 45, Issue 12, pp 1251–1257

Electrical characteristics of conductive yarns and textile electrodes for medical applications


    • Department of Biomedical EngineeringLinköping University
  • Maria Lindén
    • Department of Computer Science and ElectronicsMälardalen University
  • Peter Hult
    • Department of Biomedical EngineeringLinköping University
  • Lena Berglin
    • The Swedish School of TextilesUniversity College of Borås
  • Per Ask
    • Department of Biomedical EngineeringLinköping University
Technical Note

DOI: 10.1007/s11517-007-0266-y

Cite this article as:
Rattfält, L., Lindén, M., Hult, P. et al. Med Bio Eng Comput (2007) 45: 1251. doi:10.1007/s11517-007-0266-y


Clothing with conductive textiles for health care applications has in the last decade been of an upcoming research interest. An advantage with the technique is its suitability in distributed and home health care. The present study investigates the electrical properties of conductive yarns and textile electrodes in contact with human skin, thus representing a real ECG-registration situation. The yarn measurements showed a pure resistive characteristic proportional to the length. The electrodes made of pure stainless steel (electrode A) and 20% stainless steel/80% polyester (electrode B) showed acceptable stability of electrode potentials, the stability of A was better than that of B. The electrode made of silver plated copper (electrode C) was less stable. The electrode impedance was lower for electrodes A and B than that for electrode C. From an electrical properties point of view we recommend to use electrodes of type A to be used in intelligent textile medical applications.


Textile electrodes Conductive textiles Electrode polarization Electrode impedance

Copyright information

© International Federation for Medical and Biological Engineering 2007