Applied Research in Quality of Life

, Volume 10, Issue 3, pp 459–471

Mental Health in Late Adulthood: What Can Preserve It?

  • Maria Chiara Fastame
  • Maria Pietronilla Penna
  • Paul Kenneth Hitchcott
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s11482-014-9323-5

Cite this article as:
Fastame, M.C., Penna, M.P. & Hitchcott, P.K. Applied Research Quality Life (2015) 10: 459. doi:10.1007/s11482-014-9323-5

Abstract

The current research investigates the part played by several socio-demographic factors, lifestyle and cognitive efficiency in predicting self-rated depressive signs in late adulthood. One hundred and ninety-one healthy adults were recruited in Northern Italy and Sardinia—an Italian island located in the Mediterranean sea known for the longevity of its elderly people—from urban and rural areas. Participants were assigned to old (60–74 years) and very old (75–99 years) groups, and were administered cognitive efficiency and self-referent depression measures. Gender and region of residence were the best predictors of self-rated depression scores. Furthermore, Sardinian participants, especially those from rural areas, showed better preserved mental health than respondents from Northern Italy. Positive aging is more evident in Sardinia, especially in rural areas, where the maintenance of an adequate social status and physical activity help guarantee a positive level of mental health in later life.

Keywords

AgingDepressionPredictorsMental healthRuralUrban

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht and The International Society for Quality-of-Life Studies (ISQOLS) 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maria Chiara Fastame
    • 1
  • Maria Pietronilla Penna
    • 1
  • Paul Kenneth Hitchcott
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Pedagogy, Psychology, PhilosophyUniversity of CagliariCagliariItaly
  2. 2.Department of PsychologySouthampton Solent UniversitySouthamptonUK