Applied Research in Quality of Life

, Volume 6, Issue 1, pp 53–70

The Effect of Dispositional Optimism in HRQOL in Patients with Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain Conditions in Greece


  • Zoi Tsakogia
    • Amfilohia Rehabilitation Center
    • 2nd Department of Anesthesiology, Pain Unit, Attiko University Hospital, School of MedicineUniversity of Athens
  • Dimitrios Damigos
    • Department of Psychiatry, Laboratory of Medical PsychologyUniversity of Ioaninna, School of Medicine
  • Venetsanos Mayreas
    • Department of PsychiatryUniversity of Ioaninna, School of Medicine
  • Ioannis D. K. Dimoliatis
    • Department of Hygiene & EpidemiologyUniversity of Ioaninna, School of Medicine

DOI: 10.1007/s11482-010-9113-7

Cite this article as:
Tsakogia, Z., Lyrakos, G.N., Damigos, D. et al. Applied Research Quality Life (2011) 6: 53. doi:10.1007/s11482-010-9113-7


The purpose of this investigation was to study the influence of optimism in the quality of life of patients with musculoskeletal problems that were referred to Amfilohia Rehabilitation Center, because of chronic pain and kinetic difficulties. The sample consisted of 96 patients. The questionnaires that were used are the short form health questionnaire (12 questions; SF12), the life orientation test-revised (LOT-R) and a VAS scale for pain measurement. According to the regression analysis performed, dispositional optimism is an independent factor affecting both the physical (β = .249, p < .005) and mental composite score (β = .414, p < .0001) in patients with musculoskeletal problems, even after controlling for the effect of pain intensity.


PainMusculoskeletal disordersHealth related quality of lifeDispositional optimism

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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V./The International Society for Quality-of-Life Studies (ISQOLS) 2010