, Volume 6, Issue 3, pp 491-506
Date: 15 Apr 2011

A Review on Functionalized Gold Nanoparticles for Biosensing Applications

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Abstract

Nanoparticle technology plays a key role in providing opportunities and possibilities for the development of new generation of sensing tools. The targeted sensing of selective biomolecules using functionalized gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) has become a major research thrust in the last decade. Au NP-based sensors are expected to change the very foundations of sensing and detecting biomolecules. In this review, we will discuss the use of surface functionalized Au NPs for smart sensor fabrication leading to detection of specific biomolecules and heavy metal ions.