Cooperation, competition, and democracy
- First Online:
- Cite this article as:
- Li, S. Front. Philos. China (2011) 6: 273. doi:10.1007/s11466-011-0138-2
Rawlsian framework is based on a cooperation model, which takes a democratic society as a cooperation system. Such a conception of democracy not only obscures the distinction between democracy and despotism, but also makes it hard to argue for the superiority of democracy over despotism. This article develops a different model, the competition model, to explain the historical development towards democracy and to justify democracy as a social order superior to despotism. The article argues that once we adopt the competition model to understand democracy, its distinctive characters as well as its merits will fully bear out.