, Volume 4, Issue 4, pp 576-588

A reflection on the alternative philosophy of science

Abstract

A prominent phenomenon in contemporary philosophy of science has been the unexpected rise of alternative philosophers of science. This article analyses in depth such alternative philosophers of science as Paul Feyerabend, Richard Rorty, and Michel Foucault, summarizing the similarities and differences between alternative philosophies of science and traditional philosophy of science so as to unveil the trends in contemporary philosophy of science. With its different principles and foundation, alternative philosophy of science has made breakthroughs in terms of its field of vision, scope, and methodology, and its relationship with science has become more humanistic and pluralistic. Attention should be given to alternative perspectives in the contemporary philosophy of science, and research should be expanded into the fields of the epistemology of science and cognitive science, the sociology of scientific knowledge and scientific anthropology, the scientific cultural philosophy, and scientific ethics.

摘要

当下科学哲学领域的一个重要现象是另类科学哲学家异军突起。 费耶阿本德、 罗蒂、 福柯等的另类科学哲学思想, 共同指向对正统科学哲学的解构, 揭示了当代科学哲学的发展动向。 另类科学哲学主旨不同, 基础迥异, 视界、 论域和方法均有突破, 与科学的关系也发生了转向人文的变化, 表现出更加多元化的气息。 应关注当代科学哲学中的另类眼光, 在科学知识论与认知科学、 科学知识社会学与科学人类学、 科学文化哲学以及科学伦理学等领域扩展科学哲学研究。

Translated by Mao Xin from Zhongguo renmin daxue xuebao 中国人民大学学报 (Journal of Renmin University of China), 2008, (3): 32–40