, Volume 3, Issue 3, pp 369-374
Date: 01 Jul 2008

Forest fire detection system based on a ZigBee wireless sensor network

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Abstract

Compared with the traditional techniques of forest fire detection, a wireless sensor network paradigm based on a ZigBee technique was proposed. The proposed technique is in real time, given the exigencies of forest fires. The architecture of a wireless sensor network for forest fire detection is described. The hardware circuitry of the network node is designed based on a CC2430 chip. The process of data transmission is discussed in detail. Environmental parameters such as temperature and humidity in the forest region can be monitored in real time. From the information collected by the system, decisions for fire fighting or fire prevention can be made more quickly by the relevant government departments.