Date: 24 May 2014

Atmospheric duct estimation from multi-source radar sea clutter returns: theoretical framework and preliminary numerical results

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Refractivity from clutter (RFC) technique estimates lower atmospheric refractivity from radar sea clutter returns. An important issue of RFC is how to make the estimate more robust. Rather than using only single beam radar sea clutter returns, this paper puts forward a theoretical framework of combining multi-source clutter power to improve the retrieved results by the variational adjoint approach. The derivation of the adjoint is accomplished by an analytical transformation of the parabolic equation model in a continuous domain. To test the theoretical algorithm, numerical simulations using multi-elevation clutter observations are carried. The results demonstrate that combining two elevation beams gives more stable estimate than using only single beam.