Chinese Science Bulletin

, Volume 54, Issue 10, pp 1732-1737

First online:

An exceptionally well-preserved fossil Kalligrammatid from the Jehol Biota

  • Qiang YangAffiliated withCollege of Life Sciences, Capital Normal University
  • , YunYun ZhaoAffiliated withCollege of Life Sciences, Capital Normal University Email author 
  • , Dong RenAffiliated withCollege of Life Sciences, Capital Normal University Email author 

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A new species of Neuroptera, Sophogramma lii sp. nov. is described and illustrated in this paper. This new species is assigned to Sophogramma Ren of Kalligrammatidae, mainly based on its humeral recurrent veins, the basal cell present between posterior branch of media at base of wing, etc. The new species is distinguished from all other Sophogramma species on the difference of wing venation. This exceptionally well-preserved specimen is recovered from the Yixian Formation, Huangbanjigou, located near Beipiao City, in western Liaoning Province. The genus diagnosis has been emended based on new characters shown in this new species. Based on a summary of localities, distribution and geological ages of all genera and species of the Kalligrammatidae, we suggest that Kalligrammatids might have originated in Eastern Asia, especially in China. Function of the wing pigmentation is discussed briefly.


Kalligrammatidae Neuroptera new species Insecta Jehol Biota China