Science China Earth Sciences

, Volume 56, Issue 9, pp 1566–1575

The zonal propagating characteristics of low-frequency oscillation over the Eurasian mid-high latitude in boreal summer

Authors

  • ShuangYan Yang
    • Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences
    • Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology
    • Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences
  • RenHe Zhang
    • Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences
  • ShunWu Zhou
    • Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology
Research Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s11430-012-4576-z

Cite this article as:
Yang, S., Wu, B., Zhang, R. et al. Sci. China Earth Sci. (2013) 56: 1566. doi:10.1007/s11430-012-4576-z

Abstract

Using 32-yr National Centers for Environment Prediction-National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCEP-NCAR) reanalysis data, we investigated zonal propagation and circulation characteristics of the low-frequency circulation for the prevailing period over Eurasian mid-high latitude in boreal summer (May-August) in terms of empirical orthogonal function (EOF), linear regression, and phase analysis and so on. We found that the dominant periods of the low-frequency circulation are 10–30 days and it clearly shows meridional (southward) and zonal (westward) propagation features at the middle troposphere (500 hPa). The average zonal speed of the 10–30 days low-frequency oscillation (LFO) is about 9–10 longitudes per day. Further analysis shows that the southernmost part of the polar vortex in the northern hemisphere exhibits westward clockwise rotation in the eastern hemisphere in boreal summer. Also, the southernmost tips of 5400 and 5500 gpm contours, which indicate the site of the major trough in the eastern hemisphere, obviously move westwards. The southernmost tip of 5500 gpm contour line propagates westwards at the speed of about 9–10 longitudes per day, which is consistent with the mean zonal speed of the westward propagation of the low-frequency circulation. Moreover, the 10–30-day LFO-related cold air also shows west propagation feature with respect to LFO phases. The westward propagation of the LFO is the low-frequency-scale embodiment of the clockwise rotation of polar vortex. The cold air activities closely related to polar vortex or to ridge-trough system activities is the essential circulation of 10–30 days LFO circulation over the Eurasian mid-high latitude in boreal summer.

Keywords

10–30 days LFOthe Eurasian mid-high latitudepropagation featurescirculation characteristics

Copyright information

© Science China Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013