Educational Technology Research and Development

, Volume 57, Issue 2, pp 147–168

Assessing learning, quality and engagement in learning objects: the Learning Object Evaluation Scale for Students (LOES-S)

Research Article

DOI: 10.1007/s11423-008-9094-5

Cite this article as:
Kay, R.H. & Knaack, L. Education Tech Research Dev (2009) 57: 147. doi:10.1007/s11423-008-9094-5


Learning objects are interactive web-based tools that support the learning of specific concepts by enhancing, amplifying, and/or guiding the cognitive processes of learners. Research on the impact, effectiveness, and usefulness of learning objects is limited, partially because comprehensive, theoretically based, reliable, and valid evaluation tools are scarce, particularly in the K-12 environment. The purpose of the following study was to investigate a Learning Object Evaluation Scale for Students (LOES-S) based on three key constructs gleaned from 10 years of learning object research: learning, quality or instructional design, and engagement. Tested on over 1100 middle and secondary school students, the data generated using the LOES-S showed acceptable internal reliability, face validity, construct validity, convergent validity and predictive validity.


EvaluateAssessQualityScaleSecondary schoolMiddle schoolLearning object

Copyright information

© Association for Educational Communications and Technology 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of EducationUniversity of Ontario Institute of TechnologyOshawaCanada